Eastern Han Dynasty Emperor Kwan -Wu Jade Container, 光武御製羊脂白玉玉鷹硯滴H.15cm, L.18cm,1000grams.

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幼吾幼以及人之幼《孟子·梁惠王上》: 孟子曰:“老吾老,以及人之老;幼吾幼,以及人之幼。天下可运于掌。”

東漢漢光武帝”光武御製”銘文羊脂白玉玉鷹硯滴,H.15cm, L.18cm,1000grams

Webp.net-gifmaker (29)本器羊脂白玉雕琢, 從壺口的大小,壺內的容積推測, 應該是文房四寶的用具中的硯滴. 就整體造型而言, 母鷹背負子鷹,尾部則庇護著幼龍,母鷹頭部微微後彎,  凝視著子鷹及幼龍, 深怕牠們照顧不周,  將幼吾幼,以及人之幼的偉大情操,流露無遺,符合光武中興之漢光武帝注意民生與民休息之經濟政策精神. 本器造型意境之高,令人讚嘆.左右翅膀各有祥龍環抱,尾部則為如意捲雲紋,凸顯本鷹之尊貴祥瑞, 非比尋常, 胸前有篆體光武御製銘文,表明使用本器之主人乃漢光武帝.本器擴散暈沁色,斑晶,差異風化等古玉跡象明顯.婦好墓的玉貴人一直被稱為柄形器玉貴人, 事實上, 商人自稱為玄鳥之後, 玉貴人背後的所謂柄, 事實上就是玄鳥的尾巴.這個觀點可以從光武御製銘文硯滴玉鷹的尾巴造型得到佐證.值得注意的是, 光武御製銘文的字體風格, 玉器上所呈現的, 不論是本器或文鎮, 以及另外兩個銅壺底部所呈現的, 相似性甚高, 這可以十分肯定地說, 同樣出自漢光武帝宮廷製玉坊.

西汉建平二年(公元前5年),刘秀生于陈留郡济阳宫 [2-4]  。适逢王莽篡立新朝,倒行逆施,天下大乱。刘秀随兄刘演起兵于南阳郡,号“舂陵军”。更始三年(25年),刘秀公开与更始政权决裂,即位于河北鄗县千秋亭 [5-6]  尊奉汉元帝为皇考,光复汉室,定都于洛阳,史称后汉或东汉。之后经过长达十二年的东汉统一战争,陆续消灭河北、关东、陇右、西蜀等地的割据势力,结束农民战争、军阀混战与地方割据局面。平定动乱之后,刘秀励精图治。政治上,提倡“柔道”治国,改革官制,整饬官风吏治,精简结构,优待功臣;经济上,休养生息,恢复发展经济;文化上,大兴儒学、推崇气节,开创中国历史上“风化最美、儒学最盛”(司马光梁启超语)的“光武中兴”时代。

中元二年(57年),刘秀去世于洛阳南宫前殿,享年六十二岁,葬于原陵。庙号世祖,谥号光武皇帝。 [7]  由第四子刘庄继位。

Eastern Han Dynasty Emperor Kwan -Wu Jade Container, H.15cm, L.18cm,1000grams.The container design of a mother carrying a baby on the back has seen in the Western Zhou Dynasty bronze artifacts and later in Warring States jades. The lid of the container has a young eagle carving. Underneath the tail having two branches( having a similar style to that of the bronze bird container ) of the mother eagle proteWebp.net-gifmaker (30)cting a young dragon.

The mother eagle is staring backward at both the young eagle and the young dragon to make sure they are nicely taken care of. The noble character of loving not only her own loved but also the others have fully been expressed. This theme conforms to Emperor Kwan -Wu’s economic policy of paying attention to people’s livelihood, resting with the people.

The motif of the dragon is seen on both wings, with the Ruyi ( fulfill of one’s wishes) curly cloud motif on the tail. Both motifs are the symbol of nobleness and luck. Fairly unique among emperors in Chinese history was Emperor Guangwu’s combination of decisiveness and mercy. He often sought out Webp.net-gifmaker (59)peaceful means rather than bellicose means of putting areas under his control. He was, in particular, one of the rare examples of a founding emperor of a dynasty who did not kill, out of jealousy or paranoia, any of the generals or officials who contributed to his victories after his rule was secure.

The main theme of this jade artifact has fully expressed this. Judging from the perfect design made of top quality jade and historic significance, this artifact is no doubt one of the most valuable ones for serious collectors.

It should be noted that the style of the scripts on this jade and that of the paperweight and other two bronze ware are highly similar, we could definitely conclude that all these are coming from the jade workshop of the Emperor Kwan Wu of the Eastern Han Dynasty.

东汉光武帝刘秀光武帝在位三十三年(公元25年–公元57年),采取了一系列措施来恢复和发展经济。政治上加强中央集权,对功臣赐优厚的爵禄,但禁止他们干政。排斥三公,加重原在皇帝左右掌管文书的尚书之权,全国政务经尚书台总揽于皇帝,在地方上废除掌握军队的都尉,遣散地方军队,废除更役制度,简政减吏,裁并400多县;经济上解放生产力,曾颁布释放奴婢诏令,规定杀奴婢者不得减罪,炙灼奴婢者依法治罪,免被炙灼的奴婢为庶人,废除奴婢射伤人处极刑的法律。恢复西汉较轻的田税制,实行三十税一。组织军队屯垦。放免刑徒为庶民,用于边郡屯田。下令度田、检查户口,加强封建国家对土地和劳动力的控制。文化上还大兴儒学,推崇气节,东汉一朝也被后世史家推崇为中国历史上“风化最美、儒学最盛”(司马光、梁启超语)的时代。For any questions, please write to Prof. Chen.