Han Dynasty (220 BCE-220 CE)

The jade carving technique of the Han dynasty is famous for its sharp, straightforwardness. Carving style of some simple items such cicada is known as the eight times carving. The main motif for western Han is the auspicious animal with flying wings. The size of jade artifacts tends to become larger owing to abundant supply of fine quality Hetian jade when the territory of early Western Han had covered the Hetian area. After eastern Han, the main imagesmotifs are the four auspicious creatures (dragon, phoenix, tiger, the integrated structure combining snake and turtle), cloud and eagle. Different from previous periods, Han Dynasty jades have shown modern Chinese images-1characters reading long happiness, suitable for offspring appeared on many bi-disks jades.  One important fact should not be neglected is that many exquisite and spectacular royal jades, some with scripts, identifying particular emperors, have only been seen in the private collections. aeThis conforms that fact that almost all the tombs of Han emperors and royal families have long been excavated unofficially. Those exquisite and spectacular royal jades have long been kept in the hands of private collectors for generations. There is no surprise that they are not displayed in any public museums. Sample jades are as follows:

 

 

1.Han Dynasty Thin Carving Plaque, 0.2cm漢辟邪獸薄雕2.Western Han Dynasty Jade Rhinoceros, L. 22cm, H. 14cm3.Han Dynasty Jade Bi, D.19.5cm,T.0.8cm漢代黃玉璧4.Emperor Kwan-Wu of Eastern Han Mutton Fat White Jade Paperweight5.Western Han Dynasty Jade Ko Halberd Ax 西漢黃玉玉戈6.Jade Bi Disk漢長樂銘文玉璧7.Emperor Kwan-Wu of Eastern Han Dynasty  Mutton Fat White Jade

 

 

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