良渚文化玉琮, Liangzhu Culture Jade Cong H.11.8cm, D.19cm, 11kgs

S__3735601

S__3735597《周禮·春官·大宗伯》說,「以玉作六器,以禮天地四方,以蒼璧禮天,以黃琮禮地……」這句話表示玉琮是祭祀天地的禮器。玉琮外方內圓,是天圓地方的象徵。玉琮體中心上下穿透的圓孔,可能被視為通天地之通道。所以,玉琮與天地陰陽有關,因此古人對其崇拜至極。玉琮是良渚文化中最具特徵的玉器,不僅是形體最大的器件,也是出土較多的玉器品種。

良渚文化玉琮, H.11.8cm, E.D.19cm,  11kgs。本器大於中國浙江省1986出土餘杭縣長命鄉雉山村反山墓地出土浙江省文物考古研究所藏之琮王(H. 8.8cm, ED 17.6cm,  6.5kgs) ,四個角落各有兩組神獸紋, 而各面中間則為兩幅神人騎獸紋. 各細線係由細斜線所組成. 神獸紋為淺浮雕. 本器差異風化及次生長結晶等古玉跡像明顯。

S__3735594This cong is similar in design but bigger than the one( H. 8.8cm, E.D. 17.6cm, Weight 6.5kgs ) unearthed from Fan Shan Graveyard, Chih Shan Village, Chang Min Township, Yu Hang County, Zhejiang Province,1986. A collection of S__3735600Archaeology Institute of Zhejiang Province. Antiquity evidences include differential weathering, exposed crystal planes and additive crystals. Some spots  are seen black elements covered over the on the incised carving lines to confirm that the black color formed naturally  after the carving.

 

wKgBzFQ23AuAaRttAAiFQsN55h4003Appraisal Indexes:

1. quality of jade: 9
2. rareness: 9
3. historical and cultural significance: 9
4. workmanship: 9
5. size:10
6. condition: 10

Provenance: Private collection, USA

List Price: USD50,000

For any questions, please write to Prof. Chen.