曾侯乙Marquis Yi of Zeng文物(2)

10 (1)aH.83cm, W.57cm

 

本銅鑒分上下兩層, 呈矩形立方體, 上層有蓋, 兩側各有一方耳, 可能作為酒之冰鎮用, 及作為宗廟祭器。周禮天官上說:春始治鑒,凡外內饔之膳羞鑒焉,凡酒漿之酒醴亦如之,祭祀共冰鑒. 本器之設計極盡富麗堂皇. 蓋子頂端立一神獸, 四脊為龍形高浮雕, 蓋面前後正面鑲嵌刀卯式龍鳳紋白玉, 銅面雕琢龍鳳雲紋淺浮雕. 上層主體較寬, 四側各立一回首龍, 前後正面上下各鑲嵌四片白玉, 雕琢刀卯式龍鳳紋, 銅面亦雕琢龍鳳雲紋淺浮雕, 下層兩面左右鑲嵌刀卯式龍鳳紋白玉, 銅面亦雕琢龍鳳雲紋淺浮雕, 四側由神獸托住. 上層及下層前後正面以龍鳳形勾鎖住. 本器體形碩大, 鎏金銅鑲白玉, 設計及刀工均令人嘆為觀止.

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