曾侯乙Marquis Yi of Zeng文物(3)

11aH.100cm, W.57cm,3layers

 

本銅鑒分上下兩層, 呈八角形立方體,  如同前件一樣, 可能作為酒之冰鎮用及作為宗廟祭器。周禮天官上說:春始治鑒,凡外內饔之膳羞鑒焉,凡酒漿之酒醴亦如之,祭祀共冰鑒.  蓋子頂端立一鳳鳥, 四脊亦為鳳鳥高浮雕, 蓋面前後正面鑲嵌刀卯式龍紋白玉, 上方為雙龍紋高浮雕. 上層主體為八角形銅鑒, 各面各鑲嵌白玉淺浮雕刀卯式龍鳳紋, 四面中央為神面游環, 左右兩側有舞女淺浮雕. 下層為交錯龍紋, 龍身鑲嵌白玉, 底盤四側由花鹿托住. 本器所有紋飾具戰國刀卯式雕琢, 符合時代特色, 設計富麗堂皇, 寓意吉祥, 實為難得之罕見極品.

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