良渚文化三叉形器係象徵皇權的信物, Liangzhu Culture Jade Trident, W.30cm, H.17cm

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根據網路資料,“三叉形器因器物上端有並列三叉、中叉有上下貫通穿孔的造型而得名,在墓葬中都出土於死者頭部。目前發掘品僅見於浙江北部的餘杭州和桐鄉兩地,總數28件。其中餘杭良渚遺址為三叉形器的主要出土地,出土有17件,占出土品的六成。(其中瑤山8件、反山5件)。就目前的考古資料而言,良渚遺址和桐鄉出土的三叉形器,均始見於良渚文化中期偏早階段,延續至晚期。”, 另一資料認為”良渚文化的玉三叉形冠饰极可能是中国最初的皇冠。”徵諸實物的結構與重量, 本文認為良渚文化的玉三叉形器並不具有實用性, 而係用作象徵皇權的信物.

良渚文化三叉形器,W.30cm, H.17cm,1280g。本器具典型的良渚文化神面紋飾以陰線及淺浮雕方式出現於玉器的一面, 右上方有一傾斜坡, 應該是工就料的結果. 差異風化, 蝕孔, 晶面曝露及次生長晶體等古玉現像明顯。

The jade material and carving style of this object is similar to those of Liangzhu Culture Jade Trident, H.3.65cm, w.5.9cm, Unearthed from Fan Shan Graveyard, Chih Shan Village, Chang Min Township, Yu Hang County, Zhejiang Province,1986, A collection of Archaeology Institute of Zhejiang Province. Antiquity evidences include differential weathering and exposed crystal planes. The object has the shape of mountain ( Chinese character: 山 ).

 

Appraisal Indexes:
1. quality of jade: 8
2. rareness: 9
3. historical and cultural significance: 9
4. workmanship: 10
5. size:9
6. condition: 9

Provenance: Private collection, USA

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