Archaeological discoveries in the Xia Dynasty has found rice, wheat, beans, melons and other agricultural products. These jade ax( d.24cm & d.18cm) is carved notches on both sides , three notches are tilting backwards slightly, while the other three are tilting forwards. these notches symbolize the ears of rice or wheat. This may be a evidence of the Xia Dynasty agricultural development. In addition, the motifs of Xia Dynasty jades may serve more evidence that Xia Dynasty’ agricultural civilization.