Archaeological discoveries in the Xia Dynasty have found rice, wheat, beans, melons, and other agricultural products. These jade ax( d.24cm & d.18cm) is carved notches on both sides, three notches are tilting backward slightly, while the other three are tilting forwards. these notches symbolize the ears of rice or wheat. This may be evidence of the Xia Dynasty agricultural development. In addition, the motifs of Xia Dynasty jades may serve more evidence that Xia Dynasty’s agricultural civilization.