明代神面鳳鳥筆架,Ming Dynasty Jade Brush Holder, L.9cm, H.6.3cm

 

brush holder筆架又稱筆格, 宋周密《 雲煙過眼錄 》:“古玉筆格 ”,及浙江衢州南宋咸淳年間(1265-1274)墓葬出土有青玉筆格分析,至少在宋代玉已經用來加工筆格了。明代玉筆架極為普遍,有青玉、白玉等。 以山峰形居多,峰為柱狀,在註重實用性的同時,更追求觀賞性。本器青玉雕琢, 主體雖然類似山形, 但從神面紋飾推測, 所要表現的是山神, 雙面為神面淺浮雕, 中央隆起, 兩側似牛角向內彎, 牛角一邊棲息一鳳鳥, 頭部緊貼山神頭部, 面向後座方, 明代玉器崇尚復古, 風格多採戰漢形制, 本器設計巧妙, 刀工精美, 古玉跡象為擴散暈沁色及鈣化. Brush holder has long been a necessary companion writing tools in the Chinese cultures. Sources has shown there were brush holders in the Song Dynasty. Carved with pale tone jade, the object is a brush holder with a form of mountain. However, based on the motif on the object, the object is a head of god with two horns. A phoenix with head facing backward is decorated on one of the horn. The carving style is incised line with skillful design. Antiquity evidences are diffusive marking and calcification. 

For any questions, please write to Prof. Chen.