從玉劍飾圖騰推論玉劍可能是祭司的法器,Han Dynasty sword ornaments, 4.5cm-8cm

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就形制而言, 一柄完整的玉具劍由劍首、劍格(琫)、劍璏(璲)、劍珌4個玉飾物組成。史料記載, 玉劍飾始於西周,1408161256552158-600x400廣泛使用於春秋戰國,sword西漢時期尤為盛行。 本器係優質和田青玉雕琢, 包括玉劍首、玉劍格、玉劍璏和玉劍珌. 玉劍首呈圓形, 正面為高浮雕兩隻穿雲龍圍繞象徵宇宙陰陽體八卦圖, 背面為八瓣淺浮雕蓮花紋象徵八個卦象, 中間有一凹面圓孔, 以便連接劍把之隼. 劍格及劍珌.一面飾螭龍高浮雕, 另一面飾神面淺浮雕, 神面額頭飾商周青銅器神面之菱形網紋, 劍珌下部壁面飾穀紋, 象徵五穀豐收, 補白處飾如意雲20130617094134322紋淺浮雕. 劍璏一面飾螭龍高浮雕,另一面為素面.  本器古玉跡象為擴散暈沁色及飯沁. Carved with green tone Hetain jade, the sword ornaments consist four pieces: the sword pommel, the  sword guard, the scabbard buckle and the scabbard chapel.  The sword pommel is decorated with two high relief dragons flying through  clouds surrounding round convex structure on one side, Low relief carving of lotus eight symbols of Taiji (太極) on the other side. The sword guard and scabbard chapel are decorated with high relief dragon on the one side, low relief god’s face on the other side, crop motif decorated on the wall of scabbard chapel.  Dragon is decorated on one side of the scabbard buckle on front side, plain surface on the back. Diffusive markings are the main antiquity evidences. With mastery workmanship and fine quality jade, these Han Dynasty sword ornaments are valuable items for collectors.

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For any questions, please write to Prof. Chen.

 

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