石家河文化玉器, Shijiahe Culture (2500 BCE-2000 BCE) Jades

 

 

石家河古城位於湖北省天門市石河鎮,它發現於1957年,年代為距今4000~4600年。天門石家河遺址出土240餘件精美玉器。它的特點是小而精,因為小而更顯得更加精美,這些玉器的表現體裁也獨具特色,主要雕刻有人面和動物形象,如虎頭、鳥、蟬,這在中國文化史中是極具代表性的、有深刻寓意的動物。在研究中,還發現了大量的神面像,如人與動物的結合體,人頭卻長s6著獠牙,讓人具有了神性;神面還有一個特點就是正反兩面都有,但眼睛卻存在著區別,一面眼睛是長長的,一面眼睛瞪得圓圓的,這種形態的玉器,是石家河文化一種很獨特的表現方式,許多石家河的玉器,是由商周人收集、收藏、傳承下來的。聞名於世的婦好墓出土的玉鳳, 過去被認為是商代玉鳳, 事實上是石家河文化的玉器. Shijiahe Culture is dated back 4000-4600 years. It is the ancient culture located at the middle  Yangtze River area covering Foubei Province  in China. Lot of  beautiful jades have been unearthed. The most significant thing to be noted is that the phoenix plaque as shown here found in the Shang Dynasty Fuhow tomb previously identified as Shang Dynasty jade is actually the jade of Shijiahe Culture.

Proverb: Act quickly, think slowly. (Greek)

For any questions, please write to Prof. Chen.