探索商周青銅器饕餮紋與各時期玉器神面紋Exploring the Mystery of God’s Face Motifs on Shang & Western Zhou Dynasties Bronze Wares and Jades of Different Periods

 

 

 

 

 

 

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南宋羅泌《路史·蚩尤傳》稱,「蚩尤姜姓,亦為炎帝之苗裔。 南北時南朝史學家裴駰撰《史記集解》引注:「縉雲氏,姜姓也,炎帝之苗裔,當黃帝時在縉雲之官也。 」相傳蚩尤是牛圖騰和鳥圖騰氏族的首領。 據《史記·五帝本紀》,黃帝在阪泉之戰中戰勝炎帝后,蚩尤作亂,黃帝又在涿鹿之戰中擊敗蚩尤:「蚩尤作亂,不用帝命。 於是黃帝乃征師諸侯,與蚩尤戰于涿鹿之野,遂禽殺蚩尤。 」 那麼,黃帝怎麼殺掉蚩尤的?據說是斬下他的頭顱,令其身首異處。後來,人們將「蚩尤頭」的形象刻劃到器物上,以強調一種神秘能量,突出器物的威嚴和神聖,遂漸形成了商周時流行的獸面紋,即後來所說的饕餮紋。 饕餮紋在商周時期重要的、宗教色彩很濃的器物上流行,原因並不單一,不能排除饕餮紋是「蚩尤頭」的可能性。良渚文化的神面可能近似於商周 饕餮紋, 春秋戰國以後的神面紋偏向吉祥的層面, 神面的容貌不像饕餮紋的恐怖. 最下方之春秋玉璧係神面之代表作。  神的脸由两只龙头组成,龙头由凤鸟组成。Spring Autumn Jade Bi-disk of the lower right here is worth to be noted in this context. The spirit’s face is composed from two dragon heads which s__3604483in turn composed from phoenix. The carving technique of the artifact applies the typical Western Zhou Dynasty 45 degree slant carving and slim incised lines for the Spring Autumn period to the greatest extent. The spirit should be touched by offering this bi-disk.

Proverb: God heals and the physician hath the thanks (English).

For any questions, please write to Prof. Chen.

 

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