東漢黃玉出廓天帝紋鏤空玉璧, Eastern Han Dynasty Jade Bi, H.46.5公分

46.5公分-圓直徑39.5公分-厚0.8公分

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東漢黃玉出廓天帝紋鏤空玉璧, 長46.5公分;圓直徑39.5公分;厚0.8公分; 東漢前期在經濟、文化、科學技術等方面都遠超過了西漢時期的水平。東漢時期玉器紋飾, 尤其是人物及虛幻神獸造型, 除了採用中國的神仙思想外, 也可能融合西方的元素。本器黃玉雕琢, 雙面對稱雕琢, 形制為出廓玉璧,出廓體飾鏤空龍鳳紋,玉璧外緣表面上方飾天帝紋淺浮雕, 雙腿半蹲, 雙手插腰, 頭上戴冠, 衣裳飾網格紋, 左右及下方飾變體抽象螭龍紋淺浮雕, 內緣紋飾為鏤空龍鳳紋, 玉璧中央為如意雲紋淺浮雕, 外側與中央之間飾三個人首紋。本器紋飾採變體抽象方式呈現, 既神秘又優美,  線條細膩婉轉, 佈置疏密有緻, 堪稱稀世珍品 . 本器增生晶體古玉跡象明顯, 其他古玉跡象有鈣化, 擴散暈沁色, 冰裂紋及差異風化等。(台灣頤和園博物館藏品, 陳明杰鑑賞並撰文)

Carved with yellow tone jade, the object is a bi disk with open work dragon and phoenix annex structure on the top. The bi disk is designed to contain three sections: the center section is decorated with low relief auspicious cloud motif. Next to it is an open work carving of dragons and phoenixes, the outer section has wider area with motifs of God at the center top and low relief carving of various forms of dragon and phoenix on rest of the area. The God wears a crown, has long pendulous ears.  Both hands are resting on the waist, the God is squatting on the ground. Nest motifs are decorated on the legs and the front body areas. The carvings are in great details and elegantly presented.  This is a masterpiece of Eastern Han Dynasty jade bi disk with antiquity evidences of calcification, additive crystals, cleaving veins and differential weathering. ( Peace Garden Museum collection, scripts by Prof.Chen)