東漢龍鳳谷紋黃玉璧,Eastern Han Dynasty Jade Bi, D.14.7cm

IMG_5836

IMG_5837IMG_5840

IMG_5841IMG_5842

東漢龍鳳谷紋黃玉璧,圓直徑14.7公分;厚0.7公分.本器和田青黃玉雕琢, 雙面對稱雕琢, 形制為玉璧, 玉璧分為二區, 外區為谷紋, 谷粒圓滑飽滿, 邊緣以管鑽進行游絲毛雕為之, 內區雕琢淺浮雕龍鳳紋, 龍鳳全身滿佈多樣化線條, 既華麗又神秘, 線條細膩婉轉, 紋飾佈置疏密有緻. 本器古玉跡象有增生晶體, 溶蝕孔, 擴散暈沁色, 冰裂紋及差異風化等。(台灣頤和園博物館藏品, 陳明杰鑑賞並撰文)

Carved with yellow tone jade, the object is a bi disk. It is two sides symmetrical design with two sections presented.  The outer section is decorated with crop motif. The inner section is decorated with dragon and phoenix low relief carvings.  The bodies of these aesthetically designed creatures are decorated with detailed circling clouds to imply that they are flying in the sky.  Bi disk is the ritual jade dedicated to heaven in order that sufficient rainfalls are given to nurture the crops. Antiquity evidences are calcification, dissolved pits, diffusive markings and differential weathering.   (The Peace Garden Museum Collection. Script by Prof.Chen)