紅山文化玉青蛙, Hongshan Culture Jade Frog, L.6cm, W.4.5cm, H. 2cm

Webp.net-gifmaker - 2020-07-15T154022.258

Webp.net-gifmaker - 2020-07-15T154205.513

本器白玉雕琢, 形制為青蛙, 雕琢工藝俱紅山文化雕琢風格, 四肢肥碩, 眼睛突起, 眼皮施凹陷圓孔, 腹面頸部施兩相通象鼻孔. 古玉跡象為差異風化, 擴散暈沁色, 溶蝕孔及冰裂紋. 青蛙與蟾蜍 就外型而言,青蛙和蟾蜍是兩種不同典型的蛙類。 青蛙一般具有光滑、濕潤的表皮,四肢纖細善於跳躍,例如生物實驗用的牛蛙。蟾蜍俗稱癩蛤蟆,牠們的四肢粗短行動緩慢,皮膚粗糙有許多小疙瘩。眼睛後面還有一對會分泌毒液的大型突出的腺體,稱之為耳後腺或腮腺,青蛙沒有。青蛙和蟾蜍在中國玉文化中均佔有一席之地.Webp.net-gifmaker - 2020-07-15T154526.315

古代埃及神話中,有一位專司創造與生育的女神,她的外型為一隻蛙,或者是頭上有隻蛙、甚至是蛙頭人身的婦女-赫凱特(Heket)。據說赫凱特為造物之神赫努姆(Khnum)之妻,相傳,她與赫努姆在石樽上共同造人。所以,婦女在產期將至時,都要配戴赫凱特的神像,以保佑分娩順利。赫凱特又被視為家庭保護神,庇佑家家戶戶逢凶化吉。

  然而,古埃及人會將豐饒女神-赫凱特的形象設定為青蛙,這是因為他們認為青蛙具有生生不息的意味;甚至認為:青蛙就是未成形的人,而由赫凱特賦予生命。紅山文化的先民是否也具有同樣的信仰呢?!

 

。Carved with white jade, the object is a frog with a Hongshan Culture carving style. The frog has four stout legs and Protruding eyes. Eyelids have concave round holes. A double side bugle shape holes pertinent to Hongshan culture is located at the neck on the back side. Antiquity evidence has differential weathering, dissolved pits, and cleaving veins. frogs have the characteristics of two bulging eyes, strong, long, webbed hind feet that are adapted for leaping and swimming. Toads are characterized by stubby bodies with short hind legs for walking instead of hopping. Both frogs and toads are popular motifs in Chinese jade culture.