和田玉的新標準兼論羊脂白玉Hetian jade’s new standard and on Hetian suet white jade

IMG_2686IMG-2938IMG_2934IMG_2925S__4841477S__3956744IMG_2633何謂和田玉?和田玉本身不是地域概念,並非特指新疆和田地區出產的玉,而是一類產品的名稱。我國把透閃石成份佔98%以上的石頭都命名為和田玉,也可以稱為軟玉、透閃石、透閃石加軟玉、透閃石加和田玉,這幾個名字都不違法,都在國標範圍內。原產西域莎車國、於闐國(今中國新疆和田),考古結果證明,距今七千年前的仰韶文化遺址已發現有和田玉。中國把透閃石成份佔98%以上的石頭都命名為和田玉。

和田玉是一種由微晶體集合體構成的單礦物岩,含極少的雜質礦物,主要成分為透閃石。其著名產地是號稱「萬山之祖」的昆崙山中,今新疆維吾爾族自治區和田地區。和田玉產於整個昆崙山北坡長約1300公里,以和田為中心的狹長地帶的昆崙山上與河中之玉璞,故又把崑山玉稱為「和田玉」。和田玉是玉石中的高檔玉石,而且是我國國石的候選玉石之一。現今和田玉的名稱在國家標準中不具備產地意義,即無論產於新疆、青海、遼寧、貴州、俄羅斯、加拿大、韓國,其主要成分為透閃石即可稱為和田玉。

羊脂白玉是和田玉中的寶石級材料,是白玉中質純色白的極品,具備最佳光澤和質地,表現為:溫潤堅密、瑩透純淨、潔白無瑕、如同凝脂,故名。羊脂玉自古以來人們極為重視,是玉中極品,非常珍貴。

What is Hetian jade? Hetian jade itself is not a geographical concept, not specifically the jade produced in the Hetian area of ​​Xinjiang, but the name of a class of products. In China, more than 98% of the tremolite components are named Hetian jade, which can also be called nephrite, tremolite, tremolite, soft jade, tremolite, and Hetian jade. These names are not illegal and are within the national standard. Originally produced in the Western Regions of Shache, Yu Yuguo (now Hetian, Xinjiang, China), the archaeological results prove that Hetian jade has been found in the Yangshao cultural site dating back 7,000 years ago. In China, more than 98% of the tremolite components are named Hetian jade.

Hetian jade is a single mineral rock composed of microcrystal aggregates with very few impurity minerals. The main component is tremolite. Its famous place of origin is the Kunlun Mountain, known as the “ancestor of Wanshan Mountain”, and the Hetian area of ​​Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. Hetian jade is about 1300 kilometers long on the northern slope of Kunlun Mountain. It is called Yutianyu on the Kunlun Mountain and the river in the narrow strip with Hetian as the center. Hetian jade is a high-grade jade in jade and one of the candidate jade stones in China. Nowadays, the name of Hetian jade does not have the origin of the national standard, that is, whether it is produced in Xinjiang, Qinghai, Liaoning, Guizhou, Russia, Canada, South Korea, its main component is tremolite, which can be called Hetian jade.

Hetian suet white jade is is a gem-quality Hetian jade. It has the best luster and texture.