The iconography of Chinese antique jades古玉器的圖像藝術–以紅山文化玉器及漢代玉器為例

dscn179811紅山文化玉器除了呈現形制外, 還借助於動物的特質來表現某些如速度相關的特質. 例如紅山文化以髮箍作為方便靈魂通往天界的媒介, 以馬呈現速度的快速, 再以馬前足向後彎曲表示馬呈奔馳的狀態, 馬首與馬前003szkb0gy6fqeigcm17d690足之比例故意忽略, 完全從形而上的意念, 而忽略形而下的身體比例, 這種抽象藝術的技巧與大膽, 提供了後世印象派藝術的啟發作用. In addition to forms, the Hongshan Culture jades usually apply the unique characteristics of animal to express the way the jade to perform its intended function. For example, the Hongshan Culture jade hook here to guide the soul of the dead people to reach heaven. The attache horse head with the front legs structure to show the speed to the heaven is as fast as the horse, the backbend front legs are further to emphasize the speed of the process is as fast as the galloping of a horse. The image of the horse here is only shown the not proportional presentation of a true horse body. This kind of art technique may be an example of modern impression style of art works.3897e9ab982le5afac28-1

Fanzen Gallery Taipei Collection.漢代 鎏金玉馬踏飛燕, 高 21cm, 寬 28cm

本器白玉鎏金馬踏飛燕造型係漢代典型形制.全器有差異風化及鈣化跡象明顯.

horse下圖青銅馬踏飛燕身高34.5厘米,身長45厘米,寬13厘米。「馬踏飛燕」自出土以來一直被視為中國古代高超鑄造業的象徵.從力學上分析,馬踏飛燕為飛燕找到了重心落點,造成穩定性。這種浪漫主義手法烘託了駿馬矯健的英姿和風馳電掣的神情,給人們豐富的想像力和感染力。既有力的感覺,又有動的節奏。馬踏飛燕也是中國青銅藝術的奇葩。

p1574165225_98865.jpg_b霍去病生为奴子,长于绮罗,却从来不曾沉溺于富贵豪华,他将国家安危和建功立业放在一切之前。汉武帝曾经为霍去病修建过一座豪华的府邸,霍去病却断然拒绝,说:“匈奴未灭,何以家为?”

17岁为票姚校尉,率领八百骑兵深入大漠,两次功冠全02f497b9e84c754af7b831715ff50e6b军,封“冠军侯”。「馬踏飛燕」若是紀念霍去病, 將為古玉文化添一佳話.

Carved with white jade, the horse is stepping on a swallow to imply that the horse is flying in the sky. Antiquity evidence includes calcification and differential weathering.

Since its unearthed, “The horse stepping on the swallow statue” has been regarded as a symbol of the superb foundry industry in ancient China. From a mechanical analysis, this statue has remained  the center of gravity of the swallow and remain stability. This romantic approach highlights the horse’s vigorous heroic posture and swift expression, giving people rich imagination and appeal. With both powerful feeling and dynamic rhythm, the horse stepping on the swallow statue is also a wonderful work of Chinese bronze art.