漢代后元孝文帝款銘文玉璧, 长36厘米,宽21厘米,厚1厘米

本器和田黃玉雕琢, 形制為鏤空出廓玉璧. 出廓部分上方以左右人面獅身神獸守護天庭入口, 中央圓環內飾蟠龍, 兩側及下方鳳鳥圍繞. 璧的部分分兩層, 外層以方框隔成兩區, 外區飾龍鳳紋, 內區飾吉祥紋. 第二層雙面陰刻篆體銘文, 正面銘文取材自:《”‘孝武本紀”孝武皇帝者,孝景中子也。母曰王太后。孝景四年,以皇子為膠東王。孝景七年,栗太子廢為臨江王,以膠東王為太子。孝景十六年崩,太子即位,為孝武皇帝。孝武皇帝初即位,尤敬鬼神之祀。 元年,漢興已六十餘歲矣,天下乂安,薦紳之屬皆望天子封禪改正度也。而上鄉儒術,招賢良,趙綰、王臧等以文學為公卿,欲議古立明堂城南,以朝諸侯。草巡狩封禪改歷服色事未就。會竇太后治黃老言,不好儒術,使人微得趙綰等姦利事,召” 反面銘文取材自孝文本紀” 與匈奴和親,匈奴背約入盜,然令邊備守,不發兵深入,惡煩苦百姓。..專務以德化民,是以海內殷富,興於禮義。後七年六月己亥,帝崩於未央宮。遺詔曰:「朕聞蓋天下萬物之萌生,靡不有死。死者天地之理,物之自然者,奚可甚哀” 落款孝文帝. 后元(後元) (前88年-前87年2月)為漢武帝最後一個年號. 本器雕工精湛, 各紋飾的呈現 細膩生動, 文字雕琢更是優美, 加以差異風化, 擴散暈沁色, 溶蝕孔, 石灰沁等古玉跡象明顯, 是漢代銘文玉璧精品. (另一同款物件: 高35.5厘米,宽20.8厘米,厚0.6厘米)

來源:  家族百年收藏

The object is carved from Hetian yellow-tone jade and is in the shape of an open-worked jade bi with extension. The entrance to heaven is guarded by the left and right human-faced sphinx beasts above the outline. The central ring is decorated with dragons, and the two sides and below are surrounded by phoenix birds.  The bi has two layers, the outer layer is divided into two areas by a square frame, the outer area is decorated with dragon and phoenix patterns, and the inner area is decorated with auspicious patterns. The second layer is a double-sided inscribed seal script, and the front inscription is taken from: “‘Xiaowu Chapter”, and the backside is from Xiawen Chapter. Hou Yuan (Hou Yuan) (88 BC – February 87 BC) was the last reign of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty. There are obvious signs of ancient jade such as dissolved pits, differential weathering, etc. It is a fine jade with the inscription of the Han Dynasty.