10.Han Dynasty Open-worked Jade Bi with Reign Title Houyuan w/ open-worked Extension, H. 33.5 cms, W. 20.5cms, T. 0.8cms

本器和田黃玉雕琢, 形制為出廓鏤空玉璧. 出廓部分, 頂端飾相向龍鳳合體紋, 下端飾篆體后字, 以圓環圍住, 后字下端飾身體佈滿如意雲紋而大耳的天帝, 后字與天帝兩側則以相向兩鳳鳥護罩. 天帝下方飾以篆體元字, 兩側飾以相向並毗鄰玉璧外緣的龍紋.玉璧分兩層, 外層上下左右飾四組神面紋, 每一神面下方飾相背二龍紋. 璧的內層飾上下左右龍首相向共用玉環形的龍身. 本器造型層次及對稱感濃厚,  雕琢精湛而細膩, 加以本器差異風化,  石灰沁等古玉跡象明顯, 是漢代鏤空出廓鏤空玉璧精品. (來源:  家族百年收藏)


The object is carved with yellow-tone Hetian jade and is in the shape of a jade b with an extension. The top part of the extension is decorated with opposite dragon and phoenix combination patterns, and the lower end is decorated with seal script 后Hou character, surrounded by a ring. Below is the Heavenly Emperor with big ears.  Both sides of the Heavenly Emperor are shielded by two phoenix birds facing each other. The lower part of the Heavenly Emperor is decorated with 元Yuan characters(Hou yuan is the reign title of the Han Dynasty in BC88-BC87) in the seal script, and the two sides are decorated with dragon patterns facing each other and adjacent to the outer edge of the jade bi.  The jade bi is divided into two sections. The outer section is decorated with four sets of God face patterns, and the bottom of each god face is decorated with two dragon patterns opposite to each other. The inner layer of the bi is decorated with a dragon body that shares a jade ring with the top, bottom, left, and right dragon heads. With delicate and mastery carving and differential weathering, and calcification of ancient jade signs, it is a fine work of open-worked jade bi with extension in the Han Dynasty.