4. Han Dynasty low relief carving jade bi, D. 33.7cms, T. 0.8cm

The object is carved with green tone Hetian jade with the form of bi and similar low relief carvings on both sides. The bi is divided into two sections. The outer section is decorated with the hunting scene showing the knight fighting tiger and similar fierce animals. Four auspicious characters of 侯(marquis), 相(Prime minister), 陽(Sunshine), and 樂(Happiness) are decorated at the four corners. The inner section is decorated with the four spirits of the green dragon, white tiger, scarlet phoenix, and black turtle coupling snake. Between the outer and inner sections, the Ruyi cloud pattern is decorated. At the hole, a crawling dragon is decorated. The carving of the object is vivid and delicate. As far as antiquity is concerned, differential weathering, diffusive markings, and calcification are presented.  It is truly a marvelous Han bi worth collecting for professional collectors.

 

 

 

Catalog for WSM Chinese Antique Jades

Provenance

Jade bi’s orderly Inheritance

In Kaiping City, Guangdong Province, in the southern part of mainland China, there are 1833 “diaolou” buildings, a famous “world-class historical and cultural heritage” (approved by the United Nations Cultural and Educational Organization on June 28, 2007), and the “Qianlou” of the Woo family. (built in 1889) is one of the oldest buildings.

The story begins here:

 

Shortly after the “Woo An Building” was built. An antique business friend of Wei Bing, an honest and honest gold and silver jewelry maker, brought a dozen exquisite jade objects (including this bi) and asked for financing to realize them… So these objects took root in Woo An. These objects were relocated to Hong Kong with the Woo family around 1950

In 1965, the Woo family moved to 1634 Silver St. in Jacksonville, Florida.

Moved to Woo’s current home, 605 Appian Way, Jacksonville, FL, two years ago for maintenance reasons.

Introduction

Tracing back to the roots of China’s 5,000-year-old historical civilization, jade culture runs through the whole process, stretches endlessly, and occupies an extremely important chapter

In ancient times, due to the limitations of various conditions at that time, jade – this beautiful stone is extremely rare and rare

Anyone who finds or finds it will dedicate it to the honor of a country (king) – the emperor who Dare to keep and hide without authorization will be guilty of killing the head and exterminating the clan

There are also records in the history books about a piece of jade for fifteen cities  In ancient times, it was a  symbol and glory of imperial power, and  it was also the blessing and embodiment of the strength and hegemony of various princely states In the Han Dynasty, due to Zhang Qian’s envoy to the Western Regions and the opening of the Silk Road, a large amount of high-quality Hetian white jade and green jade in Xinjiang were continuously transported to the Central Plains Imperial Court, so the mining and processing of jade entered the heyday of history  Jade carving technology has also been rapidly developed before and after the air has long been lost  The variety of pattern forms and the rich variety of ornaments have pushed the Han Dynasty jade carving process to the peak of Chinese history

According to the ancient Chinese concept of the unity of heaven and earth and man, jade is the essence of the sun and moon in Sanchuan, a treasure gifted by heaven, and has the spirituality to communicate with the ghosts and gods of heaven and earth.

Yubi has a machine type of use:

One is a ceremonial vessel, used for ceremonies;

  1. Sacrificial vessels used to worship the heavens, gods, mountains, oceans, sand currents, stars, etc.;
  2. Wear as an identity sign;
  3. Gifts of ceremonial gifts from the Emperor’s relatives and relatives;

Five, funeral  look for

The Emperor of the Western Han Dynasty used one-third of his gross national product (GDP) to prepare for his post tombs, and most of the funerary items were jade

A good piece of jade requires a skilled jade worker to carve and polish it throughout his life, which shows its degree of fineness and difficulty

The use of jade bi is more strictly regulated and restricted  Moreover, due to the exclusivity and hegemony of the imperial power, many jade-controlling techniques of the Han Dynasty have long been lost, so the world can not be solved for thousands of years while watching the exquisite jade carving skills and ingenious conception of the Han Dynasty

conclusion

In China’s ancient jade culture, “jade has five virtues”  The Eastern Han Dynasty Xu Shen’s “Commentaries on the Interpretation of Texts” said: “Jade, the beauty of stone has five virtues.” Moisten with warmth, benevolent fang also; reason from the outside, can know the middle, the righteous side is also; its voice is comfortable, dedicated to the far hearing, the wisdom of the party also; not to bend and fold, the courageous side is also; sharp and honest but not shy, clean side also. Simply put, it is the five virtues of benevolence, righteousness, wisdom, courage, and purity  There are also folk sayings, “Jade seeks people with connections”, “Jade seeks people, virtue with jade”  That is, jade always looks for those who are virtuous and pure in heart.

Collecting ancient jade is a kind of luck, but also a kind of realm…

This jade bi collection has been passed down in an orderly manner for five generations by the Hu family from Weibing–Zhiqia–Hongye–Kuanli to the present Charles and Eliejah.

Today, the Hu family wishes that a reputable, historic, and prestigious international exhibition platform, will show the essence of ancient Chinese culture—Han bi to the world so that more people can appreciate the exquisiteness of its craftsmanship.

Appendix

西晋汲冢出土的《竹书纪年》:穆王十七年,王西征昆仑丘,见西王母。其年西王母来朝,宾于昭宫。The “Bamboo Book Chronicle” unearthed in Jizhong of the Western Jin Dynasty: In the seventeenth year of King Mu, the king conquered Kunlun Hill and saw the Queen Mother of the West. In that year, the Queen Mother of the West came to court, and she was a guest at Zhao Palace.

 

明代三十六計璧, 直径38厘米,内直径11厘米,厚1厘米。

「三十六計」一詞最早可以追溯到《南齊書·王敬則傳》提到的「三十六策」:「敬則曰:『檀公三十六策,走是上計。汝父子唯應急走耳。』」檀公,指南朝宋時名將檀道濟,「走為上計」指檀道濟伐不利,糧草被焚,宋軍乏食,主動退兵之事。他把計謀全用在「走」上面,包括「唱籌量沙」和「空城計」(都是裝腔作勢而得以撤退),而有「走為上計」的說法。但此處的「三十六計」不像是書名,《南齊書》和《南史》亦均無記載這一書名。

 

本器和田白玉雕琢, 形制為玉璧, 雙面雕琢三十六計部分內容. 「三十六計」一詞最早可以追溯到《南齊書·王敬則傳》提到的「三十六策」。三十六計內容依次為 1.瞞天過海,2. 圍魏救趙,3. 借刀殺人,  4.以逸待勞, 5.趁火打劫, 6. 聲東擊西, 7. 無中生有, 8. 暗度陳倉, 9. 隔岸觀火, 10.  笑裡藏刀, 11. 李代桃僵, 12. 順手牽羊, 13. 打草驚蛇,14. 借屍還魂,15. 調虎離山. 16. 欲擒故縱 . 17. 拋磚引玉, 18. 擒賊擒王, 19. 釜底抽薪 , 20. 渾水摸魚, 21. 金蟬脫殼, 22. 關門捉賊, 23. 遠交近攻, 24. 假道伐虢, 25. 偷梁換柱, 26. 指桑罵槐, 27, 假癡不癲, 28. 上屋抽梯, 29. 樹上開花, 30. 反客爲主, 31.空城計, 32. 美人計, 33. 反間計, 34. 苦肉計, 35. 連環計, 36. 走為上計. 本器雕琢篆體文字以36計為內容, 每面各飾20行, 每行6字, 文字編排格式, 由大而小, 外緣為大字, 內緣為小字, 文字以三十六計內容湊成六字一行., 而本器之銘文分別為: 下澤假道伐兩, 野其道窮也奪, 下乾上之象顯, 底抽薪而銷其, 力而銷其勢兌, 大之間敵脅以, 從我假以勢困, 主隨以向晦入, 存其形完其勢, 宴息金蟬脫殼, 剝不利有攸往, 有言不信偷梁, 亂其弱而無主, 巽而止蠱關門, 捉賊小敵困之, 害以遠隔上火, 水摸魚乘其陰, 友不疑敵不動, 遠交近攻形禁, 勢禁利從近取.本器古玉跡象為差異風化, 增生晶體, 擴散暈沁色及鈣化等.