跳脫傳統龍鳳紋飾的東漢玉劍飾組,Sword Ornaments Beyond Traditional Motifs, 6cm-11.5cm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

一柄完整的玉具劍由劍首、劍格(琫)、劍璏(璲)、劍珌4個玉飾物組成。玉劍飾始於西周,春秋戰國被廣泛使用,sword西漢時期最為盛行。本玉劍飾包括玉劍首、玉劍格、玉劍璏和玉劍珌. 本器優質和田青玉雕琢, 玉劍首呈圓形, 正面為淺浮雕駿馬及猛虎圍繞陰線旋渦紋突起圓形珠, 象徵本劍鋒利快如馬奔及背面為素面有三個斜面孔,  以作為連接劍把之隼. 劍格正面飾神面壓地陽線淺浮雕, 反面飾熊及莽蛇淺浮雕, 及劍珌.一面飾將軍騎駿馬奔馳淺浮雕, 另一面飾神面淺浮雕, 補白處飾如意雲紋淺浮雕. 劍璏正面飾猛虎鬥巨熊淺浮雕,背面為素面體, 本器紋飾寓意深遠, 刀工精美, 古玉跡象有擴散暈沁色, 增生晶體, 雲母晶面等. Carved s__3792903 (1)with green tone Hetain jade, the sword ornaments consist four pieces: the sword pommel, the  sword guard, the scabbard buckle and the scabbard chapel.  The sword pommel is decorated with low relief galloping horse and mighty tiger on one side to imply the sword is sharp and powerful, plain on the other side. The sword guard decorated with god’s face on one side, bear and serpent low relief on the other. Tiger and bear  is decorated on one side of the scabbard buckle. and scabbard chapel are decorated with low relief god’s face on one side, low relief general on the galloping horse back on the other.  With mastery workmanship and fine quality jade, these Eastern Han Dynasty sword ornaments has antiquity evidences of diffusive markings, additive crystals and expose crystal plane (mica). For any questions, please write to Prof. Chen.

 

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從玉劍飾圖騰推論玉劍可能是祭司的法器,Han Dynasty sword ornaments, 4.5cm-8cm

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就形制而言, 一柄完整的玉具劍由劍首、劍格(琫)、劍璏(璲)、劍珌4個玉飾物組成。史料記載, 玉劍飾始於西周,1408161256552158-600x400廣泛使用於春秋戰國,sword西漢時期尤為盛行。 本器係優質和田青玉雕琢, 包括玉劍首、玉劍格、玉劍璏和玉劍珌. 玉劍首呈圓形, 正面為高浮雕兩隻穿雲龍圍繞象徵宇宙陰陽體八卦圖, 背面為八瓣淺浮雕蓮花紋象徵八個卦象, 中間有一凹面圓孔, 以便連接劍把之隼. 劍格及劍珌.一面飾螭龍高浮雕, 另一面飾神面淺浮雕, 神面額頭飾商周青銅器神面之菱形網紋, 劍珌下部壁面飾穀紋, 象徵五穀豐收, 補白處飾如意雲20130617094134322紋淺浮雕. 劍璏一面飾螭龍高浮雕,另一面為素面.  本器古玉跡象為擴散暈沁色及飯沁. Carved with green tone Hetain jade, the sword ornaments consist four pieces: the sword pommel, the  sword guard, the scabbard buckle and the scabbard chapel.  The sword pommel is decorated with two high relief dragons flying through  clouds surrounding round convex structure on one side, Low relief carving of lotus eight symbols of Taiji (太極) on the other side. The sword guard and scabbard chapel are decorated with high relief dragon on the one side, low relief god’s face on the other side, crop motif decorated on the wall of scabbard chapel.  Dragon is decorated on one side of the scabbard buckle on front side, plain surface on the back. Diffusive markings are the main antiquity evidences. With mastery workmanship and fine quality jade, these Han Dynasty sword ornaments are valuable items for collectors.

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For any questions, please write to Prof. Chen.

 

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東漢圭璧辟邪, Eastern Han Dynasty Kuei,Bi Pixie, H.10cm, W.6cm

 

dscn2923dscn2924圭璧與琮璜合稱為四瑞, 在古玉形制中, 多形成合體, 如左圖即為一例, 本器青玉雕琢, 主體為圭璧辟邪合體, 辟邪身上長有雙翼, 這是飛天神獸, 四肢上方飾如意雲紋淺浮雕, 辟邪昂首露齒, 背上抬著圭璧連體, 氣氛神秘, 本器古玉跡象為擴散暈沁色及鈣化. Carved with pale tone jade, the object is a structure combined with kwei-bi and pixie with wings. The body is decorated with low relief auspicious clouds, Raising head with open mouth, the pixie is carrying kwei-bi. Antiquity evidences include diffusive markings and calcification.

For any questions, please write to Prof. Chen.