1. Round eye no tail
Artisans from the Hongshan Culture emphasized the shape of an object rather than details of lines or motifs. In addition to single entity designs, many Hongshan Culture jades have complex design from different entity. For example, there are jade knifes with dragon and phoenix handle, jade knife with horse head handle. Dual holes called holes of bugle shape on the same side of the artifacts are usually seen but its implication still remains unknown. The dragon and phoenix motifs of Hongshan Culture are believed the origins of those motifs for later periods in the Chinese jade artifact’s history. Also read Jades of the Hongshan culture – Elizabeth Childs-Johnson
Bi is one of the ritual jade in ancient China. This Hongshan Culture collar bi is similar to the Shang Dynasty collar bi (D. 18.6cm, hole edge H.1.4cm, T. 0.4cm) unearthed in 1976 from Fuhow graveyard, A collection of Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, In general, bi is the ritual jade used to dedicated the heaven. The surface of this collar bi is plain, while the surface of the Shang Dynasty collar bi has circles of increasing size from the center hole towards the outer edge. The evidence of antiquity includes dissolved pits and additive crystal.
The collar bi of Hongshan Culture may be a simplified image of ancient flying saucer
- quality of jade: 8
- rareness: 8
- historical and cultural significance: 9
- workmanship: 9
- condition: 10
Made of nephrite, this jade artifact is emphasized in shape rather than the lines of curvature appeared on the surface as by many Hongshan Culture jade. With horse head as the handle of the knife whose design has bold and rough style, this jade knife has the form of the most typical shape of an ancient Chinese weapon knife. As short mane and mouth looking of the horse is seen, it may be Mongolian Tarpan of five thousand years ago. The horse style of the jade knife has shown that it is the horse found in Mongolia which belongs to the geographical area of the Hongshan culture. Dissolved pits and additive crystals are seen in various areas of the knife
本器刀把為馬首造型, 本器之玉質為和田玉種, 全器滿布增生晶體,多處有溶蝕孔及差異風化, 古玉現象明顯. 本件馬首玉刀之短鬃短嘴形態係古蒙古Tarpan種馬.本器系紅山文化類似形制中屬於大件之精品.
1. quality of jade: 8
2. rareness: 9
3. historical and cultural significance: 8
4. workmanship: 9
6. condition: 10