Warring States Jade Bi D.16.5 cm
Carved with pale tone Hetian jade, this Warring States jade bi composes three sections: At the center is a dragon, surrounding the dragon is the section of low relief crop motif, at the outer ring is also the area showing low relief crop motif, at the top and bottom are god’s face. On the right hand side and left hand side there is a phoenix attached on the edge of the bi. This bi is of mastery workmanship with calcification evidence of antiquity.
Carved with yellow tone Hetian jade, this bi is decorated crop sprouts on both sides. The edge of the bi has sharp angle with multi-level planes which is quite different from single level plane. This fact may reflect the advancement of harder tools and more skillful technique of the Han Dynasty. Antiquity evidences include diffusive marking and differential weathering.Some researches believe that the ritual jade bi relates to the celestial body such as the black hole (image of lower left is one scene of the black hole published in internet.).
perpetual happiness palace
Jade Bi Disk, H.10cm, W.7cm, T.0.6cm, 65grams. This object of jade bi is designed to express three major sections: The outer ring with connected cloud of the bi-disk, the inner open work with one side seen “eternal happiness(長樂)” inscription( Changlegong is the name of the palace of the Han Dynasty), the other side seen dragon and phoenix motif, the dragon form attached on the top edge of the outer ring. The object may be used as a pass for entry to the palace of Chanlegong . With mastery workmanship, this bi disk is pervasively populated with various archaic elements including cleaving veins, additive crystals and differential weathering.本器青玉雕琢, 玉璧上端為出廓龍紋, 雙面雕琢,一面為隸書體長樂, 一面為龍鳳紋,玉璧表面飾陰線勾聯雲紋, 古玉跡象為增生晶體及冰裂紋.此玉璧可能是作為長樂宮之信符.