Shang Dynasty Jade Carving Style

dscn0398Shang Dynasty (1766 BCE- 1122 BCE).According to the old Chinese legend,  Shang ancestors were born from a phoenix that was sent from heaven. May be from this legend, phoenix becomes the major motif of Shang jade artifacts. The variations of Shang jade artifacts are rich. From weighing twenty kilograms to three centimeters in length,  Shang Dynasty jade artifacts include kneeling person, pig, sheep, the mythical animal, dinosaur, jar and jade plaques. It should be noted that the Shang Dynasty jade artifacts are not only made of fine quality jade, but also are with the extraordinary skillful workmanship.   Worship and military affairs are treated first priority matter for  Shang Dynasty; as a result, symbol of KO halberd axe and the shield are the most typical motif of many Shang Dynasty jade. However, these motifs are misinterpreted as twisted iron wire and 7f9000314b5fe20dfe0double fish scale. Low relief and streamlined lines done through the reduction of the surface, the square angle curling lines and the smooth dual relief lines are typical for the Shang Dynasty jade artifacts.The Shang Dynasty jade artifacts are not only made of fine quality jade, but also are with the extraordinary skillful workmanship.   Worship and military affairs are treated first priority matter for the Shang Dynasty; as a result, symbol of KO halberd axe and the shield are the most typical motif of many Shang Dynasty jade. However, these motifs are misinterpreted as twisted iron wire and double fish scale. Low relief and streamlined lines done through the reduction of the surface, the square angle curling lines and the smooth dual relief lines are typical for the Shang Dynasty jade artifacts. Sample Shang Dynasty jades are as follows:

1.Shang Dynasty Dragon Fish, 商玉龍魚L.19.5cm

2.Shang Dynasty Jade cong,商玉琮 H,7cm, D.3cm, 150grams

3.Shang Dynasty Phoenix Jade plaque商玉鳳鳥珮

4.Shang Dynasty Jade Tiger L.30cm商代玉虎

5Jade Ring-1,商代白玉龍紋玉瑗

6.Jade Ring-2, D. 6.5cm, 51grams

7.Shang Dynasty Jade Seal Fang State( -2) 商代方國玉印

8.Shang Dyasty  Fang State(-1)Jade Seal商代方國玉印,14.5cm x 4,H. 14cm

9.Shang Dynasty Jade Bi, 商代玉璧D. 10cms, T.1cm, 453grams

10.Jade Cong, H.7cm, W. 5.2cm, 448grams

11.Jade Musical Slab H. 15cm, W. 8.5cm, 375grams

西周鳳紋玉珮,Western Zhou Dynasty Jade Carving Style 8cmx7cmx0.5cm

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dscn9807西周紀元始於B.C. 1122, 止於B.C.771. 西周玉器的刀工風格最大特色是單雙斜刀法, 有所謂45度大斜刀法, 此法至漢以後即失傳. The style of the carving for Western Zhou S__2834445Dynasty is noted for its single and double slant incised carving which is known as the forty-five degree big slant carving and the technique has been discontinued after the Han dynasty. Most of the Western Zhou jade carvings are seen with mastery workmanship and streamline curves which are greatly appreciated by connoisseur collectors. The present object is a round corner rectangular yellow jade plaque. The four corners are decorated with 45 degree slant incise line phoenixes. There are round corner rectangular hole and round hole on the four sides to imply that this jade plaque may be used as clothe decoration.

 

Appraisal Indexes:

  1. quality of jade: 8
  2. rareness: 8
  3. historical and cultural significance: 9
  4. workmanship: 10
  5. size:4
  6. condition: 10