春秋鷹足單節玉琮, Spring Autumn Jade Cong. H.9.3cm, W.7cm

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本器青玉雕琢, 形制為單節玉琮. 玉琮底部四角各施一玉鷹, 玉鷹翅膀張開,有鳳飛九天的涵義.  雙足與圓環一體成形達到鏤空效果. 玉琮四面對稱, 以圓形及如意雲紋建構具有良渚風格抽象神面紋, 即雙重神面, 本器的四個圓形紋飾即是兩雙神面的眼睛, 全器雕琢細緻流暢, 顯得高貴而神秘, 古玉跡象為差異風化, 增生晶體, 鈣化及冰裂紋. Carved with pale tone jade, the object is a single section cong. Four eagles with

 

opening wing stand on each corner as the footer. The planes of the four sides are decorated with round and auspicious clouds to form an abstract image of God’s face. The carvings are fluent and in great detail to form a feeling of noble and mystery. Antiquity evidence is differential weathering, additive crystal, and calcification.

<易經>與天地相似, 故不違, 故周乎萬物, 而道濟天下, 故不過. <The Text of Yi King>There is a similarity between him and heaven and earth, and hence there is no contrariety in him to them.Webp.net-gifmaker - 2020-07-15T120511.180Webp.net-gifmaker - 2020-07-15T115838.692

 

 

 

 

 

 

一切皆為緣來, 西周玉琮與我的邂逅, A Very Special Western Zhou Jade Cong, H.5.3cm, W.3.5cm

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本器優質和田青白玉雕琢, 形制為單層玉琮. 大地為萬物之母, 玉琮為祭地之禮器. 本玉琮之主要紋飾為兩個神面, 相對應兩個角各有一個, 神面以頂角為中心, 相鄰兩面各置一方形眼, 眉毛飾一多層直角線條, 以增強神面美感. 根據圖騰推測, 本玉琮應為神面, 龍, 鳳三組玉琮之一. 本器古玉跡象主要為擴散暈沁色及冰裂紋.人與玉的緣分是天定的,每一塊玉器都有他命中注定的主人;玉是有生命的,戴久了便與你融為一體,不離不棄。於千萬年之中,時間的無涯的荒野裏,沒有早一步,也沒有晚一步,剛巧“玉”見你,一切皆為緣來。本玉琮從西周誕生開始, 就等候著筆者, 歷經三千多個寒暑後, 終於在丁酉(2017)年臘月與筆者邂逅, 如今晝夜相隨, 形影不離.

自巍巍昆侖山至塔裏木盆地的浩瀚戈壁上,流著蜿蜒曲折的玉龍喀什河——古代著名的白玉河,以盛產和闐白玉籽料而聞名於世。天暖雪化,河水暴漲,洶湧的玉龍喀什河水將昆侖山脈風化剝蝕的玉料碎塊攜帶而下,碰撞衝刷,形成籽料,沉積在平坦寬闊的中下遊河床中。和田玉,早在公元前十七世紀的商代,就從漫漫黃沙古道駝鈴的回響中,在西域輝煌曆史的煙塵裏,來到中原商殷王朝,孕育出幾千年纏綿悱惻的故事。和田玉作為中國的“國石”,是中華民族道德精神的象征。從《詩經》”言念君子,溫其如玉“到東漢”玉,石之美者,有五德“,和田玉以其不溫不火,雍容不迫的高貴形質,徹底化身為君子,成為中華民族性情與修養的象征。中國的玉石養生歷史悠久,《神龍本草》、《本草綱目》中記載:玉石可“除中熱,解煩懣,助聲喉,滋毛髮,養五臟,安魂魄,疏血脈,明耳目”等諸多功效。Carved with Hetain fine pale green tone jade, Webp.net-gifmaker - 2020-07-15T082935.450the object is the form of single-tier cong. The main motif is a pair of the god of the earth which is located at the two angles with the nose at the angle line, the eyes are located at two contiguous planes. A carving style is a slant plane pertinent to the Western Zhou dynasty. The eye blows are decorated with multiple lines to enrich the beauty of God’s face.  This is one of the three congs with motifs of God’s face, dragon, and phoenix.  Antiquity evidence of this cong is diffusive marking and cleaving veins.

For any questions, please write to Prof. Chen.

 

 

 

 

The Evolution of Jade Cong 玉琮的演變

 

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Jade cong is one of the ritual jades ( the others are bi, huang, kwei, tiger, zhang ). The evolution of jade cong may be observed from the shape and motif aspects. In terms of shape aspect, jade congs have evolved from early Liangzhu Culture’s broader top-narrow bottom shape into late Liangzhu Culture’s and Spring-Autumn period’s equal width top and bottom shape, and further into Warring States’ narrow top-broader bottom jade congs. In terms of motif aspect, jade congs have evolved from early Liangzhu Culture’s deity face to late Liangzhu Culture’s deity face coexists with the crown to Spring-Autumn period’s auspicious cloud or sign to Warring States’ dragon and priest. For a similar article, please read A Timeline of Jade Cong 玉琮年譜.

玉琮與玉璧, 玉璜, 玉圭, 玉璋, 玉琥同為中國古玉的六瑞.以下敘述引用 器晤先生(微信號qiwu3n3n)大文[器晤 总245 题]说 琮:

《周礼·考工记·玉人》中,所谓“大琮尺二寸,射四寸”。射,是很奇怪的一个名称,它是什么?郑Webp.net-gifmaker (39)玄注说“射谓其外之鉏牙也”。后世注释这个射,都按照郑玄的说法,是指琮外的部分,他称为鉏牙。本来射就已经需要注解,可郑玄却用了“鉏牙”来解释,让我们今天在理解上也并不能得到直接明了的答案。不过无论是射或是鉏牙,都明确指的是琮体外面的部分,是附在筒体外面的部分,而不是指其他。这个射,应当不会读如射击之射,当依《广韵》、《集韵》、《韵会》、《正韵》,音“夜”,读若yè。这让人想起“仆射”,这是秦时立的官名,周官有大仆之职,或认为仆射之名当起于此。到汉献帝分置左右仆射,尚书仆射为尚书令的副手。由此理解仆射之义,有副位附属之义。再看琮上之射,当指附属之处而言,不是指它的主体。何谓琮之射?郑玄说“射谓其外之鉏牙”,“其外”是指琮的外表,鉏牙便是外表的附件。琮的主体为圆筒状,圆筒外装饰的部分正是射之所在。《集韵》中对于“鉏牙”已有明释,释鉏“锄加切,音茬。鉏牙,物傍出也。《周礼·冬官考工记玉人注》二璋,皆有鉏牙之饰。”傍出之牙饰,这便是射,无论琮、璋之饰,都可称射。

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