本器青玉雕琢, 形制為單節玉琮. 玉琮底部四角各施一玉鷹, 玉鷹翅膀張開, 雙足與圓環一體成形達到鏤空效果. 玉琮四面對稱, 以圓形及如意雲紋建構抽象神面紋, 全器雕琢細緻流暢, 顯得高貴而神秘, 古玉跡象為差異風化, 增生晶體, 鈣化及冰裂紋. Carved with pale tone jade, the object is a single section cong. Four eagles with
opening wing stands on each corner as the footer. The planes of the four sides are decorated with round and auspicious clouds to form an abstract image of God’s face. The carvings are fluent and in great detail to form a feel of noble and mystery. Antiquity evidence is differential weathering, additive crystal, and calcification.
<易經>與天地相似, 故不違, 故周乎萬物, 而道濟天下, 故不過. <The Text of Yi King>There is a similarity between him and heaven and earth, and hence there is no contrariety in him to them.
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Jade cong is one of the ritual jades ( the others are bi, huang, kwei, tiger, zhang ). The evolution of jade cong may be observed from the shape and motif aspects. In terms of shape aspect, jade congs have evolved from early Liangzhu Culture’s broader top-narrow bottom shape into late Liangzhu Culture’s and Spring-Autumn period’s equal width top and bottom shape, and further into Warring States’ narrow top-broader bottom jade congs. In terms of motif aspect, jade congs have evolved from early Liangzhu Culture’s deity face to late Liangzhu Culture’s deity face coexists with the crown to Spring-Autumn period’s auspicious cloud or sign to Warring States’ dragon and priest. For a similar article, please read A Timeline of Jade Cong 玉琮年譜.
蘇美文化(c. 2500 BC) 歷代王表石柱酷似中國的玉琮. (right below is the image of Sumerian King List tablet) 玉琮與玉璧, 玉璜, 玉圭, 玉璋, 玉琥同為中國古玉的六瑞.
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H.7.3cm, W.5cm, D.2.6cm
本件戰國鳳首神面紋玉琮, 鳳首及神面均以如意雲紋構成, 線條婉約優雅, 分佈均勻, 疏密得宜.本玉琮系由頂級的羊脂白玉琢成, 白色的寶石光芒四射, 本器底子並未拋光, 合理的解釋可能有兩種, 一為特殊的表現方式, 一為尚未完工, 可能當時兵荒馬亂, 未來得及完成. 明代子剛牌的底子有所謂磨地子, 即文飾與底子之間有一較粗的平面, 以突顯紋飾之呈現. 子剛牌磨地子的技法是否得自此戰國玉琮底子之靈感呢!?
Carved with white fine quality jade, this jade cong has low relief of God’s face, phoenix head, and auspicious cloud. Master workmanship carving is shown.
- quality of jade: 10
- rareness: 9
- historical and cultural significance: 8
- workmanship: 9
- condition: 10