春秋鷹足單節玉琮, Spring Autumn Jade Cong. H.9.3cm, W.7cm

158649209892304289

 

 

158649659987678020

IMG-3472Foureyes158653467814722205本器青玉雕琢, 形制為單節玉琮. 玉琮底部四角各施一玉鷹, 玉鷹翅膀張開, 雙足與圓環一體成形達到鏤空效果. 玉琮四面對稱, 以圓形及如意雲紋建構具有良渚風格抽象神面紋, 即雙重神面, 本器的四個圓形紋飾即是兩雙神面的眼睛, 全器雕琢細緻流暢, 顯得高貴而神秘, 古玉跡象為差異風化, 增生晶體, 鈣化及冰裂紋. Carved with pale tone jade, the object is a single section cong. Four eagles with

opening wing stand on each corner as the footer. The planes of the four sides are decorated with round and auspicious clouds to form an abstract image of God’s face. The carvings are fluent and in great detail to form a feeling of noble and mystery. Antiquity evidence is differential weathering, additive crystal, and calcification.

<易經>與天地相似, 故不違, 故周乎萬物, 而道濟天下, 故不過. <The Text of Yi King>There is a similarity between him and heaven and earth, and hence there is no contrariety in him to them.

Sales Price: USD3000    Please use the following form to make your offer:

 

 

(故宮博物院藏清中期仿古玉琮)

The Evolution of Jade Cong 玉琮的演變

 

Jade cong is one of the ritual jades ( the others are bi, huang, kwei, tiger, zhang ). The evolution of jade cong may be observed from the shape and motif aspects. In terms of shape aspect, jade congs have evolved from early Liangzhu Culture’s broader top-narrow bottom shape into late Liangzhu Culture’s and Spring-Autumn period’s equal width top and bottom shape, and further into Warring States’ narrow top-broader bottom jade congs. In terms of motif aspect, jade congs have evolved from early Liangzhu Culture’s deity face to late Liangzhu Culture’s deity face coexists with the crown to Spring-Autumn period’s auspicious cloud or sign to Warring States’ dragon and priest. For a similar article, please read A Timeline of Jade Cong 玉琮年譜.

玉琮與玉璧, 玉璜, 玉圭, 玉璋, 玉琥同為中國古玉的六瑞.以下敘述引用 器晤先生大文[器晤 总245 题]说 琮:

《周礼·考工记·玉人》中,所谓“大琮尺二寸,射四寸”。射,是很奇怪的一个名称,它是什么?郑玄注说“射谓其外之鉏牙也”。后世注释这个射,都按照郑玄的说法,是指琮外的部分,他称为鉏牙。本来射就已经需要注解,可郑玄却用了“鉏牙”来解释,让我们今天在理解上也并不能得到直接明了的答案。不过无论是射或是鉏牙,都明确指的是琮体外面的部分,是附在筒体外面的部分,而不是指其他。这个射,应当不会读如射击之射,当依《广韵》、《集韵》、《韵会》、《正韵》,音“夜”,读若yè。这让人想起“仆射”,这是秦时立的官名,周官有大仆之职,或认为仆射之名当起于此。到汉献帝分置左右仆射,尚书仆射为尚书令的副手。由此理解仆射之义,有副位附属之义。再看琮上之射,当指附属之处而言,不是指它的主体。何谓琮之射?郑玄说“射谓其外之鉏牙”,“其外”是指琮的外表,鉏牙便是外表的附件。琮的主体为圆筒状,圆筒外装饰的部分正是射之所在。《集韵》中对于“鉏牙”已有明释,释鉏“锄加切,音茬。鉏牙,物傍出也。《周礼·冬官考工记玉人注》二璋,皆有鉏牙之饰。”傍出之牙饰,这便是射,无论琮、璋之饰,都可称射。

cong

戰國鳳首神面紋玉琮, Warring States Jade Cong, H.7.3cm, W.5cm, D.2.6cm, 440grams

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本件戰國鳳首神面紋玉琮, 鳳首及神面均以如意雲紋構成, 線條婉約優雅, 分佈均勻, 疏密得宜.本玉琮系由頂級的羊脂白玉琢成, 白色的寶石光芒四射, 本器底子並未拋光, 合理的解釋可能有兩種, 一為特殊的表現方式, 一為尚未完工, 可能當時兵荒馬亂, 未來得及完成. 明代子剛牌的底子有所謂磨地子, 即文飾與底子之間有一較粗的平面, 以突顯紋飾之呈現. 子剛牌磨地子的技法是否得自此戰國玉琮底子之靈感呢!?S__4014082

Carved with white fine quality jade, this jade cong has low relief of God’s face, phoenix head, and auspicious cloud. Master workmanship carving is shown.IMG-2953

Appraisal Indexes:

  1. quality of jade: 10
  2. rareness: 9
  3. historical and cultural significance: 8
  4. workmanship: 9
  5. size:5
  6. condition: 1015869918303862069 (1)IMG-2949mingIMG-3376Still_2018-02-06_015203_60X_N0125