龍山文化玉璇玑的玄機–直徑15cm

Webp.net-gifmaker - 2020-08-03T184403.708

 

 

 

cosmo玉牙璧,清末吳大征所著《古玉圖考》又images稱「玉璿璣」,根據大毛說玉資料,它與牙璋一起並稱古代東夷民族的藝術瑰寶。 牙璧最初生產于大汶口文化晚期或龍山文化早期的山東半島東部沿海地區,距今年代約有5000年。 大毛說玉認為它最初可能是漁民們用來織網的輔助工具.玉璇璣,像一個長了牙的璧,外緣有三個朝同一方向飛翹的牙,間距相等,有的其間雕刻扉棱一樣的小齒。「璇璣」二字,源出《尚書·舜典》:「在璇璣玉衡,以齊七政。」西漢學者孔安國釋:「在,察也,璇,美玉也;璣衡,王者正天文之器,可運轉者。」玉璇璣是山東古代獨有的禮器,亦稱牙壁,其幾何形態的造型極具動感,和諧而有韻律。依據這孔子的解釋,玉璇璣乃是一件帝王觀測天象的玉雕的儀器。Webp.net-gifmaker - 2020-08-03T184140.131

本文認為牙璧係具有火焰之太陽圖download (1)騰, 古人祭日之用, 或是象徵宇宙星雲的圖騰. 本器黃玉雕琢, 曝露晶面古玉跡153317168159728121qo417象明顯.The design of the object is similar to unearthed in 1983, Graveyard #50, Zhang Jia Po, Chang An County, Shanxi Province. A collection of Chinese Academy of Social Science.)Notched Bi, D. 8cm, Longshan Culture, Unearthed from Li Village, Teng County, Shangdong Province, China 1978, a collection of Museum of Teng County, Webp.net-gifmaker - 2020-08-03T185301.839Shangdong Province. Antiquity evidence includes additive crystal and differential weathering. 龙山文化牙璧, D.15cm。 本器黃玉雕琢, 形制為牙璧, 三部分設計, 每部分有五齒牙, 本器与中国山东省滕县博物馆藏(山东省滕县里庄1978出土)龙山文化径8cm 玉多齿三牙璧之造型雷同, 本器曝露晶面, 差异风化等古玉迹象明显, 此外, 有古代砣機琢磨痕跡

 

 

 

 

Longshan Culture (2800 BCE -1700 BCE)

s__2818094Longshan Culture has derived its name from the remains of the Longshan Township of Shantung Province, China. Geologically, Longshan Culture covers mainly the lower part of the Yellow River, including the areas of Honan, Shensi and Shantung Provinces. Longshan Culture jade artifacts contain many varieties including jade kwei, jade arched pendant, jade tube, bi-disk and notched bi-disk most of which are carved elegantly and dexterously. Judging the motifs and the style of line carving, the Longshan Culture jades are believed to be the origin of Shang Dynasty jades. The eagle motif on one of the kwei is believed to be the origin of Shang Dynasty jade eagle.

Longshan Culture Notched Jade Bi, 龍山文化牙璧

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