明代鎏金坐姿如意觀音, Ming Dynasty Guanyin, H. 28cm

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S__3817490觀世音菩薩, 與阿彌陀佛, 大勢至菩薩合稱西方三聖.觀世音菩薩(梵文:अवलोकितेश्वर,觀音)。觀世音是鳩摩羅什的舊譯,玄奘新譯為觀自在,中國每略稱為觀音觀世音菩薩是佛教中慈悲和智慧的象徵,無論在大乘佛教還是在民間信仰,都具有極其重要的地位。在中國的江,浙,閩,廣,台灣以及南洋華僑間,觀音信仰極為普及,所謂“家家阿彌陀,戶戶觀世音”。浙江的舟山群島,自古以來也一直被視為觀世音菩薩應化的道場。玉雕觀世音大致以手持寶物及姿勢命名, 例如持寶瓶而站立者稱立姿寶瓶觀音, 持如意而坐姿者稱坐姿如意觀音, 本器即屬於後者. 此外, 觀音相貌也有男相的情形. 本器青玉雕琢, 菩薩手持如意, 呈遊戲坐姿於以獸足座為底之矩形蓮花座上.The Bodhisattva,  Amitabha Buddha and Mahasthamaprapta collectively known as the Western Trinity. Guanyin ,  Bodhisattva Avalokiteśvara. Commonly known in English as the Mercy Goddess.

 

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明代鹿紋玉牌, L.9cm, W.6cm

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本器黃玉雕琢, 呈長方形, 正面飾面對面麋鹿二隻淺浮雕, 補白處飾如意雲紋淺浮雕. 四周飾突起框, 背面光滑. 本器古玉跡象為增生晶體. Carved with yellow tone jade, low relief two elks facing each other are decorated on one side, auspicious clouds are decorated on the empty space, the other side is plain surface. Antiquity evidence is additive crystal.

For any questions, please write to Prof. Chen.

明代雙螭紋玉帶釦, L.11.5cm, W.6cm

 

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玉帶扣最早見於良渚文化, 從良渚文化玉琮上的鳳冠來看, 良渚文化已使用玉帶扣是十分合理的.本器青玉雕琢, 形制為橢圓形玉帶扣, 分環部及扣部, 正面飾雙螭紋, 背面光滑, 古玉跡象為朱砂沁及擴散暈沁色. Carved with pale tone jade, the objects are jade ring and jade hook of the parts of jade belt. With a hole at the center, Both the ring and the hook are decorated with dual dragons on one side and plain surface on the other.  Antiquity evidences are diffusive markings and cinnabar covering.

For any questions, please write to Prof. Chen.S__3547139