Ming and Qing Dynasties (1368 CE – 1911 CE)

2228_%e6%b8%85%e4%bb%a3-%e8%be%b9%e5%af%bf%e6%b0%91-%e8%8a%a6%e9%9b%81%e5%9b%be%e5%8d%81%e5%bc%80-8With deviating both outside form and inner theme, the carving style of jade in the Ming Dynasty is in search of decorative beauty and delicacy of workmanship. Jades for the royal families are carved by the palace workshop. Jade collection and appreciation are popular among people in the Ming Dynasty. Many jades are carved with the style imitating the forms and designs of the bronzes of the Shang and Western Zhou Dynasty. These jades intend to carry antiquity flavors.    The variety of designs and motifs of Ming jades are rich. In addition to animal and plant motifs, icons of wealthy, happiness, longevity are often applied. Deeply influenced by the painting arts, the painting style motifs are used in the Ming jade carving. Rectangular jade plaque with one side carving painting and one side carving scripts of poetry is the new style of jade invented by famous jade carver Luh Ze Qun. Manual operated machine tools may have been used for the carving on Ming jade.

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Jade carvings in the Qing Dynasty have developed into one of the highest peak in the Chinese jade carving history. Due to the fact that Emperor Qinglong himself is a connoisseur of jade carvings, jade carvings in the reign of Qinglong are both rich in quantity and best workmanship in quality. The proportions of the jade are meeting the requirement of aesthetics. The lines are correctly and nicely sketched. Straight lines and curving lines are skillfully constructed and elaborately carved. Some ancient jades have been recarved or added scripts by the order of Emperor Qinglong.