Shang Dynasty Dragon Fish, 商玉龍魚L.19.5cm

Carved with top quality white jade, the fish head has the design of dragon with an ax shape0w2640071181u3007159525t21 (2) mouth which may be the origin for the dragon mouth after Han Dynasty003szKb0gy6Egd6orygb8&690. Two pair of legs is seen in the center part. Square angel lines carrying the Shang Dynasty genre of ko or hooked sword are decorated for the whole body. Fins are detailed with graceful incensed lines. Antiquity evidences include additive crystal and differential weathering.

Shang Dynasty Jade cong,商玉琮 H,7cm, D.3cm, 150grams

There are kinds of carving style on the Shang dynasty jade congs:

  1. plain surface. 2. convex  line god’s face. 3.low relief carving of phoenix head and god’s face.The cong has three sections. The upper and lower sections are deity face with low relief lines which conform the carving style and the motif of the Shang Dynasty.. The middle part is four trenches. Antiquity evidences include dissolved pits, additive crystal and calcification.

Untitled-2-uai-648x364.pngAppraisal Indexes:

  1. quality of jade: 7
  2. rareness: 9
  3. historical and cultural significance: 8
  4. workmanship: 7
  5. size: 3
  6. condition: 10

 

Shang Dynasty Jade Carving Style

dscn0398Shang Dynasty (1766 BCE- 1122 BCE).According to the old Chinese legend,  Shang ancestors were born from a phoenix that was sent from heaven. May be from this legend, phoenix becomes the major motif of Shang jade artifacts. The variations of Shang jade artifacts are rich. From weighing twenty kilograms to three centimeters in length,  Shang Dynasty jade artifacts include kneeling person, pig, sheep, the mythical animal, dinosaur, jar and jade plaques. It should be noted that the Shang Dynasty jade artifacts are not only made of fine quality jade, but also are with the extraordinary skillful workmanship.   Worship and military affairs are treated first priority matter for  Shang Dynasty[1]; as a result, symbol of KO halberd axe and the shield are the most typical motif of many Shang Dynasty jade. However, these motifs are misinterpreted as twisted iron wire and 7f9000314b5fe20dfe0double fish scale. Low relief and streamlined lines done through the reduction of the surface, the square angle curling lines and the smooth dual relief lines are typical for the Shang Dynasty jade artifacts.The Shang Dynasty jade artifacts are not only made of fine quality jade, but also are with the extraordinary skillful workmanship.   Worship and military affairs are treated first priority matter for the Shang Dynasty; as a result, symbol of KO halberd axe and the shield are the most typical motif of many Shang Dynasty jade. However, these motifs are misinterpreted as twisted iron wire and double fish scale. Low relief and streamlined lines done through the reduction of the surface, the square angle curling lines and the smooth dual relief lines are typical for the Shang Dynasty jade artifacts. Sample Shang Dynasty jades are as follows:

1.Shang Dynasty Dragon Fish, 商玉龍魚L.19.5cm

2.Shang Dynasty Jade cong,商玉琮 H,7cm, D.3cm, 150grams

3.Shang Dynasty Phoenix Jade plaque商玉鳳鳥珮

4.Shang Dynasty Jade Tiger L.30cm商代玉虎

5Jade Ring-1,商代白玉龍紋玉瑗

6.Jade Ring-2, D. 6.5cm, 51grams

7.Shang Dynasty Jade Seal Fang State( -2) 商代方國玉印

8.Shang Dyasty  Fang State(-1)Jade Seal商代方國玉印,14.5cm x 4,H. 14cm

9.Shang Dynasty Jade Bi, 商代玉璧D. 10cms, T.1cm, 453grams

10.Jade Cong, H.7cm, W. 5.2cm, 448grams

11.Jade Musical Slab H. 15cm, W. 8.5cm, 375grams