Based on the carving style and form, the object is identified as jade plaque of Songze Culture, similar item is seen as L. 6.6cm, unearthed in 1974, at the graveyard of No.64, Songze relics, Qingpu…
Where is the secret code? (Hint: check the L shape cut)
The Songze culture was a later stage of the Majiabang culture (which emerged around c.5000 BCE) and before Liangzhu Culture materialized in the lower Yangzi region around c.4000 BCE and was given its name after the site of Songze in Shanghai. The general dates in which the Songze culture flourished are usually given is between 3400 – 3300 BCE and it was these people that are considered to be one of the ancestors of the Shanghai people. Songze Site is the archaeological site of the Neolithic Age and the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476BC). Its cultural relics are divided into three levels according to its stratum: the lowest level but of the highest archaeological value of the three belongs to the Neolithic Age, unearthed relics including storage pits and production tools; the middle level is the tombs of the Matriarchy clan society; and the upper level is the relic of late Western Zhou Dynasty (11th century-771BC) and the Spring and Autumn Period, including pottery, porcelain, stoneware, and some bronze. Hole drilling pattern which serves an important aspect in authentication Songze jade plaques has the characteristics of those of Xia jades( two-directional drilling with polishing both sides) and those of Qijia jades (one-directional drilling with polishing one side and leave the other side unpolished )
與出土崧泽文化玉珮比較, 本器之形制, 刀工及鑽孔特徵接近崧泽文化玉珮. 古玉之跡象有溶蝕孔, 差異風化及古代工具之痕跡.本器之造型酷似抹香鲸, 從崧泽文化近海洋之地理環境言,抹香鲸為本玉珮之主題可能性甚大.
Songze Culture Jade Plaque, w. 9.7cm,35grams. The design of the jade plaque is very similar to the shape of a sperm whale which might be seen by people of Songze since their settlement close to the ocean.
- quality of jade: 6
- rareness: 9
- historical and cultural significance:7
- workmanship: 7
- size: 3
- condition: 10
Proverb: Years know more than books( English ).