The secret code of Songze jade崧澤文化(3400-3300B.C.)

 The Songze culture was a later stage of the Majiabang culture (which emerged around c.5000 BCE) and before Liangzhu Culture materialized in the lower Yangzi region around c.4000 BCE and was given its name after the site of Songze in Shanghai. The general dates in which the Songze culture flourished is usually given is between 3400 – 3300 BCE and it was these people that are considered to be one of the ancestors of the Shanghai people. Songze Site is the archaeological site of the Neolithic Age and the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476BC). Its cultural relics are divided into three levels according to its stratum: the lowest level but of the highest archaeological value of the three belongs to the Neolithic Age, unearthed relics including storage pits and production tools; the middle level is the tombs of the Matriarchy clan society; and the upper level is the relic of late Western Zhou Dynasty (11th century-771BC) and the Spring and Autumn Period, including pottery, porcelains, stone ware and some bronze.    Hole drilling pattern which serves an important aspect in authentication Songze jade plaques has the characteristics of those of Xia jades( two directional drilling with polishing both sides) and  those of Qijia jades (one directional drilling with polishing one side and leave the other side unpolished )

Where is the secret code? (Hint: check the L shape cut)

中國長江下游地區的新石器文化。因上海青浦崧澤遺址而得名。主要分佈在環太湖地區。該文化上承馬家浜文化,後繼是良渚文化,年代約公元前3800~前3300年。生產工具有穿孔石斧、扁石錛、條形石錛、石鑿、骨鏃、陶紡輪等;晚期出現石犁狀器。居民從事稻作農業,在陶器的羼和料中經常發現稻殻和稻草末。制陶工藝進步,用慢輪修整陶坯的技術已經普及。陶器有鼎、豆、壺、罐等,改採用的壓劃圖案、鏤孔和彩繪裝飾,十分醒目和美觀。流行各種玉石璜,當時作為項飾使用。

Songze Culture Jade Plaque, w. 9.7cm,35grams

Songze Culture Jade Plaque, w. 9.7cm,35grams

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The design of the jade plaque very similar to shape of sperm whale which might be seen by people of Songze since their settlement close to the ocean.

與出土崧泽文化玉珮比較, 本器之形制, 刀工及鑽孔特徵接近崧泽文化玉珮. 古玉之跡象有溶蝕孔, 差異風化及古代工具之痕跡.本器之造型酷似抹香鲸, 從崧泽文化近海洋之地理環境言,抹香鲸為本玉珮之主題可能性甚大.
Appraisal Indexes:
  1. quality of jade: 6
  2. rareness: 9
  3. historical and cultural significance:7
  4. workmanship: 7
  5. size: 3
  6. condition: 10

 

 

Songze Culture Jade plaque, w.8,7cm, 35grams崧泽文化玉珮

taranis-leadBased on the carving style and the appearance of the shape, this object is identified as Songze Culture jade plaque. Antiquity evidences include differential weatheringdissolved pits, additive crystals and ancient tool marks
From the shape seen, this should be a jade eagle flying in the sky or the object symbolizing the idea that human being want to have a pair of wings to reach the ultimate top of dream. To use some imagination, may it be the advanced flying aircraft from alien seen by the ancient people? The carved marks are the same as the jades collected by The Zhejiang Institute of Archaeology.與出土崧泽文化玉珮比較, 本器之形制, 刀工及鑽孔特徵接近崧泽文化玉珮. 古玉之跡象有溶蝕孔, 差異風化及古代工具之痕跡. 本玉珮之造型酷似遨翔於天空之鷹, 或者有沒有可能遠古人類目睹先進飛行器所留下之記憶

Appraisal Indexes:

  1. quality of jade: 6
  2. rareness: 9
  3. historical and cultural significance: 7
  4. workmanship: 7
  5. size: 3
  6. condition: 10