反映婦好身影的戰國玉珮, Warring States Jade Praque, D. 7.3cm

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641商朝別崇尚天命,重大的決定都必須占卜,祈問鬼神。商朝的祭祀是一項非常重要的活動, 祭天,祭祖先。婦好是武丁六十多名各地妻子中的一名,她所在的部落自稱商方。武丁對婦好很寵幸,並冊封給她帝國邊緣的封地。婦好被現代學者熟知主要源於殷墟的商朝甲骨文題詞。這些記錄顯示婦好不僅是當地商方最高等級的女祭司.卜辭「貞,登婦好三千,登旅萬乎伐羌」意思就是說,商王徵發婦好所屬的3000人馬以及其它士兵一萬人,命他們前去征伐商王朝的敵國羌國。殷墟遺址婦好墓中的陪葬品中有大量的兵器戰甲,尤其是其中一件重大9公斤,飾有雙虎噬人紋,銘刻「婦好」文的大銅鉞,婦好可能是中國最早的女祭司。2011032606104775_352

戰國玉珮,  D. 7.3cm. 本器青玉雕琢, 形制為圓形鏤空玉珮, 邊區為雙面繩索紋淺浮雕, 正面飾左右二女祭司, 頭戴冠冕, 身穿二件型寬袍服及披肩, 袍服飾戰國游絲紋, 寬袍下緣飾銅鉞紋, 留存著商代餘韻,  可能意味著此二女祭司為婦好的影子. 二女祭司中間下方飾神面淺浮雕, 背面為素面. 本器設計精確, 線條優美, 古玉跡象為冰裂紋及增生晶體.

Warring States Jade Prague,D. 7.3cm. Priestess may first plated by the Shang 3518Dynasty Empress Fu Hao. The big bronze ax with scripts of  婦好 (Fu Hao) may serve as the physical evidence of Fu Hao’s history.  Carved with green tone jade, the object is an open work jade plaque decorated with dual priestess on the top of the front side, the edge of the robe wore on the priestess has the shape of ax like the big bronze ax with the scripts of Fu Hao. Below the dual priestess is a God’s face whose two checks decorated with ax too. The plague is surrounded with rope’s motif. The front motifs are decorated with low relief carvings. Antiquity evidences are cleaving vein and additive crystals. 242o0001r3p1snn4sp86

 

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戰國玉蟬, Warring States Chalcedony Cicada, H.9cm, W.6cm, T.1cm

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6411蟬經常停於樹上高處, 飲露水為生, 其清高的生活習性令人嚮往, 玉蟬的形制, 常見於紅山文化, 良渚文化, 商周各朝, 本器戰國玉蟬, 材質為岫岩玉, 硬度較軟, 受刀. 背面頭部飾鳳鳥淺浮雕, 蟬翼飾螭龍淺浮雕. 此玉蟬反映人性的矛盾, 一來嚮往蟬的清高, 一來又忘不了龍鳳所象徵的富貴, 這就是古玉對我們人生態度的提醒嗎? Carved with chalcedony, the objects are  pair of cicada. Low relief carving with phoenix on the head and dragons on the wing. The bottom is decorated with low relief spade shape belly. Additive crystals and calcification are the antiquity evidences. (Ancient tool marks appear on the bottom side.) Cicada is popular as as a jade form because the simplicity and purity natures the cicada attributed. However, the motifs on the cicada are auspices and noble characters which the dragons and phoenix to signify, is this a contradiction ?

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戰國玉龍珮, Warring States Jade Dragon, L.4.3cm, H.2.5cm

 

 

 

 

b6自從紅山文化以來, 各種形狀的龍便成為圓雕或片雕玉器的主要圖騰,  本器青玉雕琢, 全身飾如意雲紋淺浮雕, 雙面對稱, 龍身呈匍匐狀, 龍首向後, 神態憨厚可愛, 古玉跡象為擴散暈沁色及鈣化. Carved with pale tone jade, this jade dragon plaque has a crouching posture with the head facing backward, with symmetrical motif on both sides, the diffusive marking and calcification antiquity evidences are presented.( lower left is a Ming Dynasty jade plaque from the National Palace Museum, Taiwan)

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