夏代玉瑗, Xia Dynasty Jade Ring, D. 9.8cm, 75grams

 

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夏代玉瑗 D. 9.8cm, 75grams。本器以青玉雕琢成玉瑗狀,玉瑗有两个对称的蝌蚪紋设计,两边各有三个淺浮雕蝌蚪的图案。蝌蚪是青蛙的最初型态,而青蛙被认为是夏代的图腾, 因此本器为夏代玉器之证据确鑿。Carved with pale green tone jade, the ring has a symmetrical design on both sides with motif of six low relief  toads. Toad is the first stage of frog which is believed a typical motif of Xia Dynasty. The turquoise frogs shown here  are unearthed from the Er-li Tou site of  Xia Dynasty. 

镶绿松石青铜牌(夏代)。1981年在河南偃师二里头遗址出土,长14.2厘米、宽9.8厘米。

镶绿松石青铜牌(夏代)。1981年在河南偃师二里头遗址出土,长14.2厘米、宽9.8厘米。

Appraisal Indexes:

  1. quality of jade: 7
  2. rareness: 9
  3. historical and cultural significance: 9
  4. workmanship: 7
  5. size: 3
  6. condition: 10yu

Proverb: Old friends and old wine are best (English).yu1

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一,【禹王碑书】字体,比甲骨文还进步,还工整,还美观,這种成熟文字不可能出现在甲骨文之前,只能出现在甲骨文之后,夏朝文字应该是二里头出土的刻划符号,文字还未成熟,还在构造的途中。 二,夏朝文字是成熟的方块汉字。 方块汉字是文字成熟的标志之一,方方正正,规规矩矩,美观大方。夏朝文字经过一千年的产生、发展、演变,应该已经十分成熟了,从传世文字和传世文章来看,夏朝的文明程度要高于商朝的文明。 三,夏朝文字有蝌蚪篆——漆书。

禹王碑释文:

承帝冢然,翼辅雝卫。灾洚矢发,沮恒往行,三河飞涌。北过冀而奠,姒若忘鸟。宿岳麓庭,昶溢酉祈,水庐弗长,往求永定。华岳泰衡。崇楚事裒,劳余神禋,鬯曼吉徙。南渎衍昌。衣则食备,万邦皆宁,疆无漾漭。

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Qing Dynasty Jadeite Ring 清翠玉板指 D.3.5cm

jadering2Qing Dynasty Jadeite Ring, Diameter 3.5cm, H. 2.2cm4eecc770g5d4bfe53d201

Carved with green tone jadeite, the ring which is the object wearing on the right thumb when pulling the string of bow has low relief auspicious motifs of fish, lotus leaf and yu-i. That the ring in later time most often used as an object of evidences of marriage and engagement may be derived the significance of the holding of the bow to imply the bond together between man and woman.

Appraisal Indexes:

  1. quality of jade: 10
  2. rareness: 8
  3. historical and cultural significance: 8
  4. workmanship: 10
  5. size:5
  6. condition: 10

古代玉扳指是由「韘」演變而來的。 《說文解字》雲:「韘射決也所以拘弦。

戰國白玉龍紋玉瑗, Warring States Jade Ring-1

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S__3743799戰國白玉龍紋玉瑗, 直徑6.2cm.

本器白玉雕琢, 形制為玉瑗, 紋飾雙面對稱, 每一面琢左右方向相反二龍, 龍首前端飾直角下彎尖刀表示無堅不破, 龍眼呈兩端尖銳形, 身體以抽象形式表示, 中央及後端各有一爪, 全器線條以減地陽紋為之, 紋飾之部置具神祕感, 有商周餘韻. 玉瑗壁面琢陰線金文體”皇王令宦用作公富”, 可能是一種歷史文獻, 記載戰國時期, 對財產或土地作為公家使用之訓令. 本器材質為上等和田白玉, 古玉跡象為擴散暈沁色, 增生晶體及螞蟻腳, 部分玻璃光明顯.本器與另一琢有”侯又子壬十宗令天重其年”之玉瑗可能有關(見另文).

Warring States Jade Ring-1, D. 6.2cm. Made of top  quality Hetian mutton white jade, this ring has two sets of dragon motifs with carving style of reduction surface low relief lines of the genre of Shang Dynasty appear on both sides. Inscriptions( 皇出令宦用作公富) of  The King issued order to have the property for public use of bronze writing style are seen on the wall of ring. Archaic evidences of differential weathering, diffusive markings and exposed crystals are apparent. With mastery workmanship and  scripts recording historical event, this jade ring is an important artifact as well as jade artwork.

As soon as you feel too old to do a thing, do it–Margaret Deland

For any questions, please write to Prof. Chen.