Hongshan Culture Collar Bi, D. 23cm, 1400grams




本件紅山文化領緣玉璧,內領緣呈圓滑弧形,內領緣呈垂直平面。全器增生晶面、次生結晶體、溶蝕孔、差異風化等古玉跡象明顯。紅山文化以後曾見領緣玉璧, 例如,1976婦好墓出土, 中國社會科學院考古研究所藏 D. 18.6cm, hole edge H.1.4cm, T. 0.4cm者.

Bi is one of the ritual jade in ancient China. This Hongshan Culture collar bi is similar to the Shang Dynasty collar bi (D. 18.6cm, hole edge H.1.4cm, T. 0.4cm) unearthed in 1976 from Fuhow graveyUFO  Flying saucer UHD 8K00031ard,  A collection of Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, In general, bi is the ritual jade used to dedicated the heaven. The surface of this collar bi is plain, while the surface of the Shang Dynasty collar bi has circles of increasing size from the center hole towards the outer edge. The evidence of antiquity includes dissolved pits and additive crystal.
The collar bi of Hongshan Culture may be a simplified image of ancient flying saucer

Appraisal Indexes:

  1. quality of jade: 8
  2. rareness: 8
  3. historical and cultural significance: 9
  4. workmanship: 9
  5. size:10
  6. condition: 10