A view of the excavation at the Lushanmao ruins in Baota District, Yan’an City, Northwest China’s Shaanxi Province. Archeologists estimate the ruins date back approximately 4,500 years and span approximately two million square meters. A larger number of relics made of earthenware, stone, bone and jade have been found over two years of excavation. Zhang Hua, the director of Yan’an City Cultural Relics Research Institute, said the delicate jade items were thought to have been used in worship. The findings also brought the history of the building of Yan’an city 2,300 years earlier.
凌家滩遗址，位于安徽省马鞍山市含山县凌家滩村，地处裕溪河中段北岸，总面积约160万平方米，遗址约5000多年前为一处大型新石器时代晚期聚落。遗址区内发现有新石器时代晚期人工建造的祭坛、大型氏族墓地以及祭祀坑、红烧土和积石圈等重要遗迹，出土精美玉礼器、石器、陶器等珍贵文物。凌家滩遗址的发现或将中华文明史提前到5300年前。Lingjiatan Site is located in Lingjiatan Village, Hanshan County, Ma’anshan City, Anhui Province. It is located on the north bank of the middle section of Yuxi River. The site covers an area of approximately 1.6 million square meters. The site was a large late Neolithic settlement about 5,000 years ago. In the site area, there are man-made altars, large clan cemeteries, sacrificial pits, red burned soil and stone circles, and other important relics were discovered in the late Neolithic period. Exquisite jade wares, stoneware, pottery and other precious cultural relics have been unearthed. The discovery of the Lingjiatan site may advance the history of Chinese civilization to 5,300 years ago.
中山王墓是中國河北省平山縣出土的戰國時期中山國陵墓，中山國是春秋戰國時鮮虞仿照東周各諸侯國建立的國家。1974年河北省文物管理處在平山縣上三汲鄉的南七汲村發掘一號、三號、四號、五號和六號等戰國時期墓葬，也出土了為數龐大的車馬坑與陪葬墓，並同時發現中山國的都城靈壽古城，發掘出的文物都具有北方民族文化特色，與戰國晚期的趙國、魏國文物相近，但又出現許多反映遊牧民族的帳幕構件、具有明顯北方少數民族文化風格的青銅飾品，在世界各國展出時造成不小轟動。The Tomb of King Zhongshan is a tomb of the Zhongshan Kingdom during the Warring States Period unearthed in Pingshan County, Hebei Province, China. In 1974, the Hebei Provincial Cultural Relics Management Office excavated Warring States Period tombs No. 1, No. 3, No. 4, No. 5 and No. 6 in Nanqiji Village, Shangsanji Township, Pingshan County, and also unearthed a large number of large carts and horses pits and burials. At the same time, the ancient city of Lingshou, the capital of Zhongshan State, was discovered. The unearthed cultural relics all have the characteristics of northern ethnic culture. They are similar to the cultural relics of Zhao and Wei in the late Warring States period. However, there are many tent components reflecting nomadic peoples, which have obvious northern characteristics. Bronze ornaments with ethnic cultural styles caused quite a stir when they were exhibited in various countries around the world.