Eastern Han Jade Pixie東漢辟邪獸, L.30cm

Carved with green tone Hetian jade, this pixie has a pipe which is able to eject fire on the top of the nose, on both sides of the hip, low relief motif of fire are shown to confirm the main theme. The wings on both sides of the body have shrunk into smaller size. Calcification is the major evidence to prove its antiquity.  东汉辟邪兽, L.30cm。 本器和田水料青玉雕琢, 两侧饰汉代风格羽翼纹, 大腿上方饰浅浮雕火纹, 昂首怒目, 鼻头有二长管呈喷火状, 四肢呈现极度张力, 古玉迹象有增生晶体, 扩散晕沁色及钙化。

Appraisal Indexes:
1. quality of jade: 1017009626
2. rareness: 9
3. historical and cultural significance: 9
4. workmanship: 10
5. size:10
6. condition: 9

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漢光武帝地宮瑰寶之二-羊脂白玉蟠龍紋文鎮. Emperor Kwan-Wu of Eastern Han Mutton Fat White Jade Paperweight,H. 7cm, D. 7.5cm.

s__2826281光武御製羊脂白玉蟠龍紋文鎮. H. 7cm, D. 7.5cm。圓形紙鎮上端蟠龍龍身環繞盤旋於龍身四周, 身軀劇烈扭動, 龍首昂舉張口, 氣勢威猛雄奇. 然而整體造型為圓弧狀, 外緣平滑, 易於手掌抓取.象徵天下蒼生之一切, 都在帝王掌握之中. 文鎮底部以圓形陽線雕刻篆體”光武禦製”銘文,本件前件光武御製羊脂白玉玉鷹硯滴係漢光武帝御用器物. 本器差異風化,擴散暈沁色增生晶體明顯。本器篆體”光武禦製”銘文與其他四件文物之”光武禦製”銘文幾乎相同.

Emperor Kwan-Wu of Eastern Han Mutton Fat White Jade Paperweight, H. 7cm, D. 7.5cm, Weight: 500g.

Identification:

dscn0527-001This seal-form paperweight (paper had been used before Eastern Han Dynasty ) is made of mutton white jade (test result from gem lab ) with carving style of Han Dynasty. The inscription of “Kwan-Wu-Yu-Zhi(光武御製)” on the bottom side of the paperweight has clearly indicated the item belongs to the imperial palace of Emperor Kwan Wu, the first emperor of the Eastern Han dynasty of China. Antiquity evidences include diffusive marking , differential weathering and additive crystal.

Appreciation:

The paperweight has a high relief dragon carving with the body curling around the head. The imposing and majestic looking of the dragon has been thoroughly expressed. In addition, the round and smooth carving has made it easy for holding by hand. It symbolizes that all the livings and properties under the heaven are under the emperor’s control. (Left image is the modern glass paper weight sold in National Palace Museum in Taiwan gift shop).S__3661828

Appraisal Indexes:

  1. quality of jade: 10
  2. rareness: 10
  3. historical and cultural significance: 10
  4. workmanship: 10
  5. size:8
  6. condition: 10dscn7321a

 

 

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光武御制羊脂白玉玉鹰砚滴, Emperor Kwan-Wu of Eastern Han Dynasty Mutton Fat White Jade Water Container, H. 15cm, L.18cm, 1.0kg

dscn0526-001光武御制羊脂白玉玉鹰砚滴, 高15cm, 长18cm,1000g。从壶口的大小,壶内的容积推测, 应该是文房四宝的用具中的砚滴. 就整体造型而言, 母鹰背负子鹰,尾部则庇护着幼龙,母鹰头部微微后弯, 凝视着子鹰及幼龙, 深怕牠们照顾不周, 将幼吾幼,以及人之幼的伟大情操,流露无遗, 本器雕琢主题符合光武中兴之汉光武帝注意民生与民休息之经济政策精神。本玉鷹的尾巴照型與商代玉跪人背後的所謂柄形器相同, 可以確定商代玄鳥之後的說法.

Emperor Kwan-Wu of Eastern Han Dynasty Mutton Fat White Jade Water Container, H. 15cm, L.18cm,  1.0kg.

Identification:

The inscription of “Kwan-Wu-Yu-Zhi(光武御製)” on the chest has identified the original owner of the container which is supposed to be water container called Yan Di (硯滴) in Chinese (writing brush had been used already before Eastern Han). In other words, it was made by the order of the first emperor Kwan-Wu of Eastern Han dynasty about two thousand years ago.  With mastery workmanship, this artifact is made of top quality mutton white jade(see gem lab test result ).  As far as antiquity is concerned,evidences of diffusive marking, deteriorate marking and differential weathering are obvious.

Appreciation:

NonamecThe container design of mother carrying baby on the back has seen in the western Zhou Dynasty bronze artifacts. The lid of the container has a young eagle carving. Underneath the tail having two branches( having similar style to that of the bronze bird container ) of the mother eagle protecting a young dragon. The mother eagle is staring backward at both the young eagle and the young dragon to make sure they are nicely taken care of. The noble character of c5loving not only her own loved one but also the others has fully been expressed. This theme conforms the Emperor Kwan -Wu’s economic policy of paying attention to people’s livelihood, resting with the people. The motif of the dragon is seen on both wings, with the Ruyi ( fulfill of one’s wishes) curly cloud motif on the tail. Both motifs are the symbol of nobleness and luck. Fairly unique among emperors in Chinese history was Emperor Guangwu’s Nonamencombination of decisiveness and mercy. He often sought out peaceful means rather than bellicose means of putting areas under his control. He was, in particular, one of the rare examples of a founding emperor of a dynasty who did not kill, out of jealousy or paranoia, any of the generals or officials who contributed to his victories after his rule was secure. The main theme of this jade artifact has fully expressed this.Judging from the perfect design made of top quality jade and historic significance, this artifact is no doubt one of the most valuable ones for serious collectors.The object is used as water container which stores water for the making of ink which is the result of grinding the ink stick( lower right image) on the ink stone( lower right image). (Lower left image is the Taipei’s National Palace Museum Ming Dynasty Yan Di( water container) has similar function of the present object.)) The tail of this jade eagle is exactly the same as the structure attached the back of the Shang Dynasty kneeling statue.

Appraisal Indexes:

  1. quality of jade: 10
  2. rareness: 10
  3. historical and cultural significance: 10
  4. workmanship: 10
  5. size:10
  6. condition: 10

Proverb: Wisdom comes with experience( Hebrew ).