Xia Dynasty Zhangs(夏代玉璋)-Ancient Chinese Ritual Jades

璋一般由援(鋒刃),欄(作成扉牙狀的繩索系痕部分),內(木柄鑲裝部分)組成。 器物形態當源自、鉞、一類兵器。 璋為中國古代禮器六器之一最早見於夏代二裡頭文化遺址夏代牙璋, L36cm,W.10cm璋为中国古代礼器六器之一最早见于夏代二里头文化遗址。本玉璋上端为四个尖峰,中下方两边各有三组锯齿,两面各有两行浅浮雕回纹, 有明显溶蚀孔及土沁。 璋一般由援 (锋刃),栏 (作成扉牙状的绳索系痕部分) 内 (木柄镶装部分) 组成。 器物形态当源自戈、钺、戚一类兵器。

Qijia Culture Jade Zhang齊家文化玉璋

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玉璋為六瑞之一, 本器黃玉雕琢, 玉璋前刃較寬, 分長短尖向兩側張開, 刃部鋒利, 扉部兩側各有三牙, 中間有一孔, 單向轉孔技法為之, 前方較寬大而平整, 後方較窄留有毛渣, 古玉跡象為擴散暈沁色及冰裂紋.

L. 18cm,125gramsCarved with translucent jade with yellow tone, this jade zhang is seen sharp blade with two different length points. Near the handle is seen three notches on each side with an one directional drilling hole located at the center between the two sides. Antiquity evidences include cleaving veins,dissolved pits and deteriorate marking.

Appraisal Indexes:
1. quality of jade: 9
2. rareness: 9
3. historical and cultural significance: 8
4. workmanship: 10
5. size:8
6. condition: 9

齊家文化玉璋,Qijia Cultural Jade Zhang, L.35cm,W. 7cm, T.0.5cm, 250grams

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齊家文化玉璋, L.35cm,W. 7cm, T.0.5cm, 250grams. 玉璋為六瑞之一, 本器青玉雕琢, 玉璋前刃較寬, 呈弧向兩側張開, 刃部鋒利, 扉部兩側各有七牙, 中間有一孔, 單向轉孔技法為之, 前方較寬大而平整, 後方較窄留有毛渣, 玉璋柄部之底成斜面, 古玉跡象為擴散暈沁色, 曝露晶面及冰裂紋.

Zhang is one of the six ritual jades in Chinese jade culture. Carved with green tone jade, this Qijia Cultural jade zhang has a tang with sixty degree angle at one end of the bottom. The flange (lan) has a one directional drilling hole, both side of the flange  has two set of notched, each set has three notches facing each side. The blade is seen narrow waist with wide front end having two sharp point on each side.  The overall design is gracefully carved and polish. The zhang has splendid streamline curves. Antiquity evidences include differential weathering, cleaving vein and exposed crystals.

Appraisal Indexes:

  1. quality of jade: 8
  2. rareness: 8
  3. historical and cultural significance: 9
  4. workmanship: 10
  5. size:7
  6. condition: 10

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