戰國龍紋玉瑗, Warring States Jade Ring, L.32 cms, H.19.3 cms

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158930882747516659158930874307614174戰國玉瑗, W. 19.3cm, L.32cm。本器青黃色和田玉雕琢, 玉龍站立在玉瑗之前, 威風凜凜, 大有王者之風.玉瑗一面為龍鳳紋淺浮雕, 一面為勾連雲紋淺浮雕,具戰國紋飾風格. 全器刀工流暢精美, 有增生晶體及鈣化等古玉跡象。Carved with green-yellow tone hetian jade, this object is skillfully designed with a standing dragon coupling a ring of which one side carved with two low relief phoenixes on the front and crop motif on the back. The carving style has the Warring States motif and the connected thin incised lines. Antiquity evidence includes dissolved pits, additive crystal, and calcification.

Appraisal Indexes:images

  1. quality of jade: 10
  2. rareness: 10
  3. historical and cultural significance: 9
  4. workmanship: 10
  5. size:9
  6. condition: 10

 

 

戰國白玉龍紋銘文玉瑗,直徑6.2cm

158718141652306488本器白玉雕琢, 形制為玉瑗, 紋飾雙面對稱, 每一面琢左右方向相反二龍, 龍首前端飾直角下彎尖刀表示無堅不破, 龍眼呈兩端尖銳形, 身體以抽象形式表示, 中央及後端各有一爪, 全器線條以減地陽紋為之, 紋飾之部置具神祕感, 有商周餘韻. 玉瑗壁面琢陰線金文體”皇出令宦用作公富”, 可能是一種歷史文獻, 記載戰國時期, 對財產或土地作為公家使用之訓令. 本器材質為上等和田白玉, 古玉跡象為擴散暈沁色, 增生晶體及螞蟻腳, 部分玻璃光明顯.本器與另一琢有”侯又子壬十宗令天重其年”之玉瑗可能有關(見另文).

 

 

158725856068068046Warring States Jade Ring-1, D. 6.2cm. Made of the top quality Hetian mutton white jade, this ring has two sets of dragon motifs with carving style of reduction surface low relief lines of the genre of the  Shang Dynasty appear on both sides. Inscriptions( 皇出令宦用作公富) of  The King issued the order to have the property for public use of bronze writing style are seen on the wall of the ring. Archaic evidence of differential weathering, diffusive markings,  and exposed crystals are apparent. With mastery workmanship and scripts recording the historical event, this jade ring is an important artifact as well as jade artwork.

圖騰及刀工相似的戰國玉璧, 玉瑗與玉琮Warring States Jade Bi, Ring & Cong of Similar Motif and Carving Style

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still_2017-12-31_103016_60x_n0071頭部或首是動物身體上最重要的部位, 動物的識別往往從頭部確定, 因此, 中國古玉器經常以龍鳳等頭部為主要圖騰或紋飾, 也就不足為奇了. 本文的玉琮與玉瑗, 便是飾神面(牛首狀), 鳳鳥及龍的頭部, 淺浮雕刀法, 二者的形象十分雷同, 同樣具戰國風格. Heads which is the most important part of animals is thus unique to identify the animal itself. In ancient Chinese jades, heads of dragon and phoenix are usually the common motifs. The motifs of the jade cong and jade ring here are an example. The shapes and carving style are similar and all carry the genre of Warring States.

戰國玉璧, Warring States Jade Bi, D.12cm本器白玉雕琢, 形制為三層玉璧, 最內層為三羊角所形成之三叉體, 其內涵為三羊開泰. 第二層及最外層為戰國特色之神面, 龍鳳, 如意紋淺浮雕. 古玉跡象主要為鈣化層. Carved with white jade, the object is a jade bi consisted of three layers. At the center is a structure of three heads of goats with the heads overlapped and the horns separate to signify the meaning of prosperous scene created by three suns( in Chinese: 三羊開泰). The two outer layers are decorated with low relief motifs of God’s face, dragon and phoenix. With mastery workmanship, the bi is well carved with antiquity evidence of calcification. The Warring States of similar motifs and carving style are shown here to compare.

玉瑗, D.15cm, T.2cm, 920grams. 本器灰白玉雕琢, 玉瑗雙面對稱, 表面呈中央凸起, 紋飾區分為四等分, 飾神面, 龍, 鳳, 如意雲紋淺浮雕,刀工流暢剛勁有力, 古玉跡象為擴散暈沁色, 冰裂紋. Carved with grey-white tone jade, this ring is symmetrical for both sides in terms of contour and motifs which are divided into four sections. Low relief carving of God’s face, dragon, phoenix and auspicious clouds are integrated for each section. With mastery workmanship, this ring has antiquity evidence of cleaving vein and diffusive markings.Still_2018-02-06_015203_60X_N0125

戰國鳳首神面紋玉琮, 鳳首及神面均以如意雲紋構成, 線條婉約優雅, 分佈均勻, 疏密得宜.本玉琮系由頂級的羊脂白玉琢成, 白色的寶石光芒四射.Carved with white fine quality jade, this jade cong has low relief of God’s face, phoenix head, IMG-2949IMG-2950IMG-2951and auspicious cloud. Master workmanship carving is shown.

Proverb: Opportunity seldom knocks twice at any man’s door (English).

For any questions, please write to Prof. Chen( palaceantique@gmail.com).

 

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